Friday, December 27, 2019
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Among all the authors this semester that I encountered, my strongest connections were near the beginning of the semester. It is difficult to pick one favorite, because of commonality across the voices of Thomas Long, Paul Wilson, and Frank Thomas. In varying combinations, they share certain beliefs about both the form and function of sermons. Wilson and Thomas both structure their sermons around parallel points: trouble in the Bible, trouble in our time, grace in the Bible, and grace in our time. Long and Thomas share the belief that sermons should affect change of some kind in the lives of their hearers. For Long, Ã¢â¬Å"sermons make demands upon the hearers, which is another way of saying that they provoke change in the hearers (even if the change is a deepening of something already present). Thomas s belief is that Ã¢â¬Å"in the pulpit, the preacher must influence behavior.Ã¢â¬ The points of divergence for these three authors are points that I like from all three aut hors, leading me to incorporate them all into my own sermons whenever possible. Long s major emphasis on sermon structure comes through the presence of focus and function statements. Other than that, he is wide open to various ways of arranging the ideas within the sermon. I appreciate his fluidity in this area, because any kind of persuasive speaking opportunity is affected by the intended audience just as much as the message itself. Consequently, one strict format is unlikely to be effective in allShow MoreRelatedThomas Woodrow Wilson888 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThomas Woodrow Wilson Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born in the small town of Staunton, Virginia on December 29, 1856 or, as other sources say, the 28 of December. He was the third of four kids with two sisters and one brother. His parents were Joseph Wilson and Jessica Woodrow Wilson. Tommy was only at the age of two years when his family moved to Augusta, Georgia. Then, two years later the civil war had started and, while the war was going on, his dad had changed the church into a confederate hospitalRead MorePuritan Prophet886 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnne Hutchinson in chronological order throughout the book, while using sources from not only historians of today, but also from firsthand accounts of people who lived during that time period. For example, Hall uses many references and quotes from John WinthropÃ¢â¬â¢s Short Story of the Rise, Reign, and Ruin of the Antinomians, Familists, and Libertines. In order to understand who Anne Hutchinson is, we have to understand where she came from. Timothy Hall does a great job of setting the scene for hisRead MoreEssay about Salem Witch Trials1106 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSamuel Parris in the village of Salem is where the witchcraft crises broke out (Wilson, 18). Within his house was his nine year old daughter Betty Parris, and her eleven year old cousin Abigail Williams (19). Together, they played with white magic, but so did many of the teenage girls in the village (19). On Samuel Parriss journey from Barbados to Salem he acquired an indian slave named Tituba, her husband, John Indian, and a couple more slaves(19). While no evidence has been proven, it is believedRead MoreThe Construction Of The Patoka Reservoir1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesapproved construction of the Patoka Reservoir. The home they had always known would subsequently turn into a drowned, abandoned ghost town. Ellsworth, Indiana, a land now under the Patoka Reservoir, o nce served as a place for people to attend school and church, purchase items from a general store or peddler, and socialize with community members; this routine flourished until the government enforced eminent domain, causing the community to sell their homeland for less-than-market value and move away in theRead More The Influence of the Protestant Religion on the American Revolution2775 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesconsidered in a restricted framework; it was thoroughly engaged by it and multi-faceted. It is difficult to make the case, however, that religious ingredients - even broadly defined- played a definitive or even markedly innovative role. John F. Wilson acknowledges that religion did have an affect on the revolution but also argues that perhaps Protestantism had a lesser affect on the revolution as a whole than other factors such as economic aspects. Some historians have attributedRead MoreThe Salem Witch Trials1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthemselves. (LaPlante p33) The term devil included humans and spirits, anyone who acted devilish. (Roach) English Puritans were named so because they believed their religion to be more pure than that of the English Church; they considered themselves to be GodÃ¢â¬â¢s chosen people. (Wilson 20) To break away from religious oppression by the English monarch, these people left England and moved their families to the New England Colonies. Along with their families, they brought with them: their bibles, strictRead MoreThe Success Of The Conjuring Trick1722 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesis pale and trembling,Ã¢â¬ says Miriam Joseph, author of Discerning the Ghost in Hamlet (495). According to Robert Thomas Fallon, author of A TheatergoerÃ¢â¬â¢s Guide to ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢ Themes, says that Ã¢â¬Å"Medieval doctrine distinguished between white and black magic. The white, a gift from Heaven, accounted for the miracles of healing and the protection of virtue recorded in the annals of the church, the black for instances of collusion with the forces of evil for power or gainÃ¢â¬ (174). In addition, the GhostRead MoreHoly Spirit : The Holy Trinity1148 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLiving Ã¢â¬â 01 M. Thomas October 28, 2016 Holy Spirit Project Along with the Father and the Son, the Holy Spirit completes what is known as the Holy Trinity. He is both different than and the same as the Father and the Son. The Holy Spirit has His own unique characteristics and personality, specific functions and purpose, He has used many people throughout history, and He can also use me. First, the Holy Spirit has distinctive characteristics and has His own personality. Per Dr. Billy Wilson, the HolyRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Preaching Essay1852 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagespreaching has evolved in surprising and inspiring ways this semester as my pastoral identity has become clearer through my exegetical explorations, further discernment of my pastoral call, and my ministerial experiences with both my supervisor and the church members at my supervised ministry placement. This ongoing formation of my pastoral identity has been a journey of personal discovery of both my gifts and weaknesses, as well as a deep exploration of my faith in God. In fact, I have come to realizeRead MoreThe Life and Presidency of Woodrow Wilson Essay1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThomas Woodrow Wilson was born December 28th, 2014. Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia to Joseph Ruggles Wilson, and Jessie Janet Woodrow Wilson. Wilson was born into a deeply religious family, his father was a P resbyterian minister. WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s family didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stay in one place, because of Pastor WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s duties, their family moved often. When Wilson was only 2 their family moved to Augusta, Georgia. Later on they moved to Columbia, South Carolina. Wilson was born just shy of 5 years before the outbreak
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Describe SLT explanations for gender (You MUST focus on gender, not just SLT in general)Social learning theorists such as Bandura believe that all behaviour is learnt. In regards to gender development, SL theorists believe society trains individuals how to act in accordance with societys expectations of males and females. The reason boys and girls behave differently is because they are treated differently. Other peoples expectations of how the child should behave is dependent on their sex, shapes the behaviour of the child. SLT emphasises the importance of observation and reinforcement in the development of behaviour and attitudes. An individual seeks to determine what behaviour and beliefs are appropriate to display. Through observing role models and imitating their behaviour, followed by reinforcement by significant individuals in the childs life, the child will learn a new behaviour or attitude considered sex appropriate, If that behaviour is not reinforced, or is punished, the behaviour will not be learnt. We will write a custom essay sample on Social Learning Theory in Relation to Gender Development or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For example, a boy may identify with a group of boys of the same age playing football. The boy will imitate that behaviour and also play football. The behaviour will be reinforced through acceptance by his peers. This football playing behaviour will be learnt. By observing reinforcement in others, behaviour can also be learned. For example, if Carol sees Julie display a certain behaviour, and also sees Julie reinforced for that behaviour, Carol is more likely to imitate and therefore learn that behaviour. Summarise a piece of evidence to support SLTUsing the experimental method, Bandura arranged for boys and girls to witness a short television programme in which children of a similar age behaved aggressively towards a toy doll called a Bobo doll. There were three films, each with a different outcome. A- positive outcome. B- An adult made a critical comment to the aggressive behaviour. C- Nothing happened about the behaviour. The results showed that even though the children were exposed to the same behaviour, boys showed high levels of imitation and girls showed low levels of imitation and were particularly influenced by negative comments. | Explain why it is evidenceThis is evidence because it shows that boys were influenced by gender stereotypes and were more aggressive than the girls as they were more violent towards the Bobo doll where as girls were much less aggressive and were much more reserved, they were better behaved and this matched female stereotypes of being timid and less aggressive then males. | However.. .We dont know if there was anything previous to the experiment which could have affected the way that the children behaved towards the Bobo doll such as watching a violent act before the experiment or parental influences which could have caused them to already have internalised an aggressive or passive behaviour. This would mean that environmental situations have affected the experiment making it less reliable. | Summarise a piece of evidence to support SLTMartin and Halverson 1983 Using the experimental method, the researchers showed five and six year old children pictures of carrying out activities.Sometimes these activities were schema consistent (for example a girl playing with a doll) and sometimes the they were schema inconsistent (for example a girl playing with a gun). The results found that when the pictures were tested a week late the children were able to remember schema consistent images better and then when schema inconsistent images were recalled they were often distor ted so that the expected sex was remembered as carrying out the activity (for example, children recalled a boy playing with a gun rather than a girl). Explain why it is evidenceIt shows that children do use schemas to help them make sense of their world. They will sometimes use schemas to reorganise information so that it is consistent with their view of gender even if it is not accurate. | However It may be that the students have generalised the activitys specifically shown to be either male and female and if other activities were shown then the results may have differed. They also had the week in between so it also shows more of a memory test and some students could have paid more attention than other which could have influenced what they remembered.It was only done in one classroom meaning that it is a biased piece of information limited only to the pupils in the classroom they were tested in. this is a problem as the pupils cant be used to generalise the behaviours of other people. The social learning theory suggests that if a child is punished for doing something wrong then the behaviour in not internalised, however this is not always the case and sometimes children still repeat the same behaviours even after being punished for doing so. This shows that the social learning theory cant be used as a concrete method. |
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Introduction John Stuart Mill was a famous English philosopher. Mill contributed a lot to political economy, political theory, and social theory. Most of MillÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas have reshaped peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas regarding politics, justice, economics, and happiness.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on John Stuart Mill specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Capaldi (21) writes that his influence came from his father and Jeremy Bentham. As a child, his father encouraged him to study various works by great philosophers and thinkers such as Plato. Mill eventually became one of the greatest philosophers of the 19th century. This paper presents a short biography of the philosopher and goes further to discuss some of his outstanding ideas and philosophical views. MillÃ¢â¬â¢s Short Biography John Stuart Mill is definitely one of the famous philosophers of the modern era. Mill was born on 20 May 1806 in Britain. He was bor n to James Mill, a great historian, philosopher, and economist. By the age of 12, Mill had studied works of great philosophers such as Plato. He had also familiarized himself with subjects such as algebra. MillÃ¢â¬â¢s father shielded him from children of his age (Capaldi 16). As a scholar, Stuart Mill wrote extensively on various subjects including morality and politics. He also served as a Member of Parliament (MP) for Westminster. He was the first person to call for equality by giving women rights to vote. During his life, Ã¢â¬Å"Mill wrote many works in support of utilitarianism, women rights, and libertyÃ¢â¬ (Capaldi 86). He also contributed widely to political and social theories. Mill was an atheist. He taught different scholars such as Bertrand Russell. The philosopher died in Avignon, France, on 8 May 1873. Today he remains a great figure in modern philosophy. John Stuart MillÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophical Ideas Stuart Mill was definitely an influential philosopher of the 19th century. Some of the outstanding ideas by Stuart Mill appear in his masterpiece Ã¢â¬Å"On LibertyÃ¢â¬ . In the work, Mill examines the question of liberty and the power of the society. According to Mill, Ã¢â¬Å"individuals in the society are permitted to harm themselvesÃ¢â¬ (Capaldi 72). This is acceptable only if the individuals do not harm other people.Advertising Looking for research paper on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, there is need to prevent individuals from damaging property or themselves. This is necessary because such individuals do not live in Ã¢â¬Å"isolationÃ¢â¬ . This establishes what Mill calls the Ã¢â¬Å"harm principleÃ¢â¬ . According to the principle, any kind of harm to property and individuals might eventually affect the welfare of the society. Mill goes further to say that Ã¢â¬Å"individuals should be free and do whatever they want unless they potentially harm other people in the societyÃ¢â¬ (Mill 37). This means that individuals have the right to make decisions that will affect their wellbeing. Governments should intervene in order to protect the wider society from harmful persons. Such philosophical ideas have played a significant role towards the formation of many societies today. The other philosophical idea by the philosopher occurs in his essay Ã¢â¬Å"UtilitarianismÃ¢â¬ . In the essay, Stuart Mill supports utilitarianism as an important moral theory. He also responds to most of the misinterpretations associated with utilitarianism. According to Mill, Ã¢â¬Å"utility theory is based on the rule that actions should be accepted if they promote happinessÃ¢â¬ (Mill 43). He also suggests that actions are wrong if they result in unhappiness or pain. To support the theory, Mill states that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations in life are essential aspects of happiness. Mill believes the society should embrace the theory of utilitarianism because it gover ns the ethical aspects of its people. With the theory, people will embrace the best actions because they result in happiness and not sorrow. It becomes evident from these ideas that happiness should be the basis of human ethics and morality. Mill believes every person in the universe Ã¢â¬Å"desires happiness than anything elseÃ¢â¬ (Capaldi 98). It is agreeable that different sentiments such as that of Justice are founded on the utility theory. Mill encourages people to support human rights because they provide the necessary framework towards greater happiness.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on John Stuart Mill specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The utilitarian theory has encountered criticism from great thinkers and scholars. For instance, critics suggest that the theory fails to provide the necessary ideas and frameworks to protect human liberties and rights. As well, some critics argue that the theory cannot be a standard measure for all things. Faced with such criticism, MillÃ¢â¬â¢s essay presents new answers thus making it easier for people to understand the foundations of utilitarianism (Honer et al. 65). Stuart Mill offers a classical connection between human utility and the concept of justice. This makes it easier for the reader to understand that human justice is developed from happiness. John Stuart Mill also presents his views on economic philosophy. Although he embraces the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"free marketsÃ¢â¬ , Mill accepts the presence of economic interventions (Mill 83). However, Mill believes there should be significant utilitarianism ideas for free markets to exist. As well, Mill addresses the issue of slavery and human liberty. Mill is against slavery because it does not promote equality or happiness. Mill also supports women rights and happiness. This explains why many people consider Mill a feminist (Capaldi 103). In most of his works and ideas, Stuart Mill critic izes women subjugation and oppression. According to the philosopher, oppression of females is a major obstacle affecting the modern society. John Mill also presents essential ideas regarding the issue of politics and democracy. In his work Ã¢â¬Å"Considerations on Representative GovernmentÃ¢â¬ , Mill believes that leaders should be competent in order to guide their citizens. As well, citizens should be equally involved in government matters (Capaldi 65). This explains why he supports Ã¢â¬Å"plural votingÃ¢â¬ because it can be one of the best steps to democracy. John Mill was also a strong supporter of Ã¢â¬Å"freedom of speechÃ¢â¬ (Mill 64). By so doing, Mill believes people should be free to communicate in order to discover the truth.Advertising Looking for research paper on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This is the best way to increase human knowledge. The other important thing to understand is that Mill was once an elected government official, something that made it easier for him to exercise his political theories and philosophies. Conclusion From the above discussion, it is agreeable that John Mill Stuart is an important philosopher in the modern world. Mill presents useful philosophical ideas that have helped transform the universe. For instance, Mill examines the question of liberty and power in the society. According to the philosopher, individuals in the society are permitted to harm themselves. However, this is only acceptable if the individuals do not harm others. As well, MillÃ¢â¬â¢s utilitarian theory supports actions that result in happiness. He also supports equality, freedom of speech, and rights of women. These philosophical ideas have played a significant role towards the establishment of societies and governments today. Works Cited Capaldi, Nicholas. John Stuart Mill: A Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Print. Honer, Stanley, et al. Invitation to Philosophy: Issues and Options. Cengage: Cengage Learning, 2005. Print. Mill, John Stuart. Remarks on BenthamÃ¢â¬â¢s Philosophy. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2001. Print. This research paper on John Stuart Mill was written and submitted by user Chr0n0mancer to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.