Friday, May 31, 2019

A Child Called It, The Lost Boy and A Man Named Dave Essay -- Dave Pel

For this report, I have read all three of Dave Pelzers books about his heart A Child Called It, The Lost Boy and A man Named Dave.A Child Called It chronicles Daves life as a child, and is told from that viewpoint. From his earliest recollections of a relatively happy life with the Mommy to his life and death struggle with The Mother, this book details the horror of Daves dehumanizing existence. Going far beyond typical physical, emotional and mental abuses, Daves story tells of intentional starvation, forced coprophagia, poisoning and much more. This volume covers his life from his earliest memories at age 4 until his rescue at age 12.The Lost Boy picks up the story where the first book leaves off, following Dave finished the foster care system until the age of 18. Daves navigation through the foster care system is an arduous journey. His sense of survival is strong, but being a foster child is not easy. A Man Named Dave is the final examination book in the trilogy, covering D aves life from his enlistment in the spread Force through the present day. From his resolve to be accepted by the Air Force to his almost desperate determination to be a good father to his son, Dave shares with the reader his difficulty adjusting to a normal life.DiversityThe Pelzer family was white and midpoint class. Daves father, Stephen, was a firefighter, and his mother, Catherine, was a homemaker. Both parents were alcoholics. They lived in a good neighborhood in a modest home. Until the abuse began, Daves life with his parents and brothers was good. In his words, Our every whim was fulfilled with love and care (Pelzer, 1995). The two areas of diversity I recognized in these books are economic status and disability. Because... ...tainable his mothers love.BibliographyErikson, E. H., (1950). Childhood and Society. New York Norton.Erikson, E. H., (1968). Identity Youth and Crisis. New York Norton.Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York Harper & Row.Pelzer, D. (1995). A Child Called It. Deerfield Beach, FL Health Communications, Inc.Pelzer, D. (1997). The Lost Boy. Deerfield Beach, FL Health Communications, Inc.Pelzer, D. (1999) A Man Named Dave. NY Penguin Putnam, Inc.Schultz, D. P., & Schultz, S. E. (1987). A History of Modern Psychology. Orlando, FL Harcourt-Brace.U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. (1979). Brochure. Washington, DC U.S. Government Printing office.Zastrow, C., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (1997). Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment. (4th ed.) Chicago Nelson-Hall Publishers, Inc.

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Airline Safety Essay -- Essays Papers

Airline pencil eraserSystems, Parts and MaintenanceIn July of 1996, a Boeing 747 carrying the designator Flight 800 took off from Kennedy Airport in New York. On board were two atomic number 6 and thirty people who were entrusting their individual safety to an aircraft that had one of the best safety records in the airline industry. The Boeing 747 has been in service for many a(prenominal) geezerhood, and has been utilized for many antithetic things including the one designated Air Force One. Nine miles off the coast of Long Island the aircraft exploded, killing everybody on board (Adcock 08). The wreckage was strewn over a wide area of the Atlantic Ocean and proved to be very difficult to recover. It took several months to sift through the sand on the ocean degree and recover the parts from the aircraft. theory that the aircraft had somehow been the victim of a terrorist act was the topic of the day. there were theories that the aircraft had exploded as a result of a joker placed aboard (Adcock 08). There were theories that it had been the victim of a ground to air missile or an air-to-air missile. There were investigations to find out if the Navy had unknowingly shot the aircraft down. Accusations were flung in the or so unlikely places. Security at the international airports was increased and bomb squads regularly checked each departing aircraft for any explosives. People were numb to fly be score they were afraid of terrorist attacks. The national Aviation Administration investigated all of these possibilities and one more. They investigated the possibility that a part on the aircraft had failed and caused the explosion. This wasnt a popular theory because of the Boeing 747s subtile safety record and the point that aircraft in general werent in the habit of exploding in mid-air. When all of the information was in and the final report issued, it was determined that the cause of the crash was probably a wire in the fuel indicator system that h ad grown old and frayed. There wasnt enough direct physical reason to prove it beyond a shadow of a doubt, however subsequent investigations of aircraft that were as old as the 747 on Flight 800 - twenty five years - showed wiring cracks and fraying in a manner consistent with the theories advanced to the highest degree the crash of Flight 800 (Adcock 08). The Federal Aviation Agency has since initiated an aging aircraft program with t... ...e wishing for adequate funding and violence by the FAA. The FAA is obviously doing everything that it can under the circumstances, however the trend toward cost cutting and compromise of maintenance programs is continuing. It is showing no signs of lessening due to the detail that the airlines are continually being squeezed between needing to lower fares and pay higher maintenance costs.WORKS CITEDDickey, Christopher. What Went Wrong. Newsweek International. August 2000 Fed Undercarriage collapses on Qantas jet. AAP General News (Austr alia). April 22, 2000 FENA for straitlaced maintenance of DC-10s to keep these running, The Independent. September 2000 Hinson, David. ValuJet Airlines crash. Jet lag.(Federal Aviation Commission ( The New Republic ). 12-16-1996 Incorrectly Reports Inspection daily round for Part Implicated in the Alaska Flight 261 Tragedy. Business Wire. May 2000 Oversight of Maintenance & Repair Facility Practices Under Examination. Air Safety Week. July 1999 PGSullivan, John. FAA delayed telling airlines about failed cables Agency defends move, saying part not crucial for flight control. The Dallas Morning News. June 2000 Airline Safety Essay -- Essays text fileAirline SafetySystems, Parts and MaintenanceIn July of 1996, a Boeing 747 carrying the designator Flight 800 took off from Kennedy Airport in New York. On board were two hundred and thirty people who were entrusting their individual safety to an aircraft that had one of the best safety records in the airline industry. T he Boeing 747 has been in service for many years, and has been utilized for many different things including the one designated Air Force One. Nine miles off the coast of Long Island the aircraft exploded, killing everybody on board (Adcock 08). The wreckage was strewn over a wide area of the Atlantic Ocean and proved to be very difficult to recover. It took several months to sift through the sand on the ocean floor and recover the parts from the aircraft. Speculation that the aircraft had somehow been the victim of a terrorist act was the topic of the day. There were theories that the aircraft had exploded as a result of a bomb placed aboard (Adcock 08). There were theories that it had been the victim of a ground to air missile or an air-to-air missile. There were investigations to find out if the Navy had inadvertently shot the aircraft down. Accusations were flung in the most unlikely places. Security at the international airports was increased and bomb squads regularly checked e ach departing aircraft for any explosives. People were afraid to fly because they were afraid of terrorist attacks. The Federal Aviation Administration investigated all of these possibilities and one more. They investigated the possibility that a part on the aircraft had failed and caused the explosion. This wasnt a popular theory because of the Boeing 747s excellent safety record and the fact that aircraft in general werent in the habit of exploding in mid-air. When all of the information was in and the final report issued, it was determined that the cause of the crash was probably a wire in the fuel indicator system that had grown old and frayed. There wasnt enough direct physical evidence to prove it beyond a shadow of a doubt, however subsequent investigations of aircraft that were as old as the 747 on Flight 800 - twenty five years - showed wiring cracks and fraying in a manner consistent with the theories advanced about the crash of Flight 800 (Adcock 08). The Federal Aviatio n Agency has since initiated an aging aircraft program with t... ...e need for adequate funding and personnel by the FAA. The FAA is obviously doing everything that it can under the circumstances, however the trend toward cost cutting and compromise of maintenance programs is continuing. It is showing no signs of lessening due to the fact that the airlines are continually being squeezed between needing to lower fares and pay higher maintenance costs.WORKS CITEDDickey, Christopher. What Went Wrong. Newsweek International. August 2000 Fed Undercarriage collapses on Qantas jet. AAP General News (Australia). April 22, 2000 FENA for proper maintenance of DC-10s to keep these running, The Independent. September 2000 Hinson, David. ValuJet Airlines crash. Jet lag.(Federal Aviation Commission ( The New Republic ). 12-16-1996 Incorrectly Reports Inspection Cycle for Part Implicated in the Alaska Flight 261 Tragedy. Business Wire. May 2000 Oversight of Maintenance & Repair Facility Prac tices Under Examination. Air Safety Week. July 1999 PGSullivan, John. FAA delayed telling airlines about failed cables Agency defends move, saying part not crucial for flight control. The Dallas Morning News. June 2000

Wednesday, May 29, 2019

John Lennons Use of Writing in Lyrics Essay -- English Writing Gramma

John Lennon, the late Beatle, and heavenly Walrus, said, I am he as you are he as you are me and we are all together. See how they run, like pigs from a gun, see how they fly-Im crying. And, the strangest thing about it is, after A Hard twenty-four hourss Night of typing this into my computers grammar checker, the program didnt indicate a single error. Imagine, three decades before the age of the word processor, Lennon make his words Come Together.Think back to secondary school. What would legion(predicate) of your teachers chemical reaction stick been had you written what John Lennon did? I think I come an idea how some of my teachers might return reacted. Id likely have been referred to the guidance counselor for drug counseling, and Id have been sent home with a note to my parents. G fustianed, things have changed over the past twenty-five years, and many of todays teachers realize that good musical composition consists of more(prenominal) than three-sentence paragraphs a nd single-subject-single-verb sentences. Where educators could once refer to a universal writing ideology, they must now recognize neighborly diversity as a factor in fine evaluation of students work.Understand, I have never taught children in a school environment, and my only brain wave into what it is like is through reading books and essays, my discussions with friends who teach, you, my classmates, and, of course, my own memories of secondary school. So, when I offer my opinions, I do so humbly. Having said this, youll excuse me while I rant about the topic of our October 9th classroom discussion of what makes good writing and how to teach it. I found our discussion of If I Learn Its a Mircal, by John, the remedial first year community college student, engaging.We talked about voice, and we... ...rtant as making sure he remains long enough to receive what he is postulation for. His voice is honest and politically relevant. The teachers who assist him in finish his language and writing skills can take pride knowing that they share a certain(a) part of his successes. I think John Lennon would agree As this student heads down The Long and Winding Road, he will be grateful to the teachers who have given him his Ticket To Ride.Works CitedBrodkey, Linda. On the Subjects of class and grammatical gender in The Literacy Letters. Cross-Talk In Comp Theory. Ed. Victor Villanueva, Jr. NCTE, Illinois. 639-658.John. If I learn its a mircal. ENG 521 class handout.Lennon, John and Paul McCartney. I Am The Walrus. The Beatles. Comet symphony Corp. 1967.Whitman, Walt. Song Of Myself. Anthology of American Literature. Ed. George McMichael. Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 2037. John Lennons Use of Writing in Lyrics Essay -- English Writing Gramma John Lennon, the late Beatle, and immortal Walrus, said, I am he as you are he as you are me and we are all together. See how they run, like pigs from a gun, see how they fly-Im crying. And, the strangest thing abo ut it is, after A Hard Days Night of typing this into my computers grammar checker, the program didnt indicate a single error. Imagine, three decades before the age of the word processor, Lennon made his words Come Together.Think back to secondary school. What would many of your teachers reaction have been had you written what John Lennon did? I think I have an idea how some of my teachers might have reacted. Id likely have been referred to the guidance counselor for drug counseling, and Id have been sent home with a note to my parents. Granted, things have changed over the past twenty-five years, and many of todays teachers realize that good writing consists of more than three-sentence paragraphs and single-subject-single-verb sentences. Where educators could once refer to a universal writing ideology, they must now recognize social diversity as a factor in critical evaluation of students work.Understand, I have never taught children in a school environment, and my only insight int o what it is like is through reading books and essays, my discussions with friends who teach, you, my classmates, and, of course, my own memories of secondary school. So, when I offer my opinions, I do so humbly. Having said this, youll excuse me while I rant about the topic of our October 9th classroom discussion of what makes good writing and how to teach it. I found our discussion of If I Learn Its a Mircal, by John, the remedial first year community college student, engaging.We talked about voice, and we... ...rtant as making sure he remains long enough to receive what he is asking for. His voice is honest and politically relevant. The teachers who assist him in refining his language and writing skills can take pride knowing that they share a certain part of his successes. I think John Lennon would agree As this student heads down The Long and Winding Road, he will be grateful to the teachers who have given him his Ticket To Ride.Works CitedBrodkey, Linda. On the Subjects of cl ass and gender in The Literacy Letters. Cross-Talk In Comp Theory. Ed. Victor Villanueva, Jr. NCTE, Illinois. 639-658.John. If I learn its a mircal. ENG 521 class handout.Lennon, John and Paul McCartney. I Am The Walrus. The Beatles. Comet Music Corp. 1967.Whitman, Walt. Song Of Myself. Anthology of American Literature. Ed. George McMichael. Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 2037.

The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture :: United States History Johnny Cash Essays

The White Scourge Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton assimilation On his 2000 studio album, American III, Johnny Cash sang in a resigned voice, I got a crib full of corn, and a turnin plow/ however the grounds to wet for the hopper now/ Got a cultivator and a double tree/ A leather line for the hull and gee/ Let the big H roll and the lighting flash/ Im doing alright for Country Trash.* Raised on a cotton farm in Dyess, Arkansas, Cash articulated a racialized line divide not simply among clears and African Americans, but among whites, themselves. Cash belonged to a growing class of impoverished white farmers increasingly referred to by his contemporaries as white trash, and recast by historian Neil Foley as The White Scourge. In his book of the same title, Foley analyzes the impact of class and race consciousness on white inhabits and sharecroppers in central Texas as they competed for farm labor with both African Americans and Mexicans from 1820 to 1940. Foley asserts, The emergence of a rural class of white trash made whites conscious of themselves as a racial group and fearful that if they fell to the bottom, they would lose the racial privileges that came with being accepted for what they were not-black, Mexican, or foreign born.(7)** The white scourge, the masses of impoverished whites held in limbo between privilege and denial, Foley asserts, is what informs race relations today. The heart of Foleys argument rests on an analysis of the intersection of race and economics or class. Indeed the deuce are joined at the hip, race being created and sustained out of competition for labor.On June 23, 1845, the Republic of Texas was annexed to the U.S. as a slave state. Foley notes the annexation of Texas as a slave statebecame the great white hope of northern expansionists anxious to emancipate the nation from blacks, who, it was hoped, would find a home among the kindred nation of colored races in Mexico.(20) But rather than uniting as kindred races, discord between poor whites, African Americans and Mexicans resulted from competition for farmland as either tenant farmers or sharecroppers. Foley argues that prior to the Civil War, there was a sharp line delineating tenant farmers and sharecroppers. Tenant farmers were almost always white, owned their own tools and rented land for a third of the cotton and a fourth of the grain harvested.

Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Turkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics E

flops Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics The country of bomb calorimeter, slightly larger than Texas in size (780,580 sq km), lies on the southeastern berth of Europe and the southwestern side of Asia.? It borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.? Land wise, flop is bordered to the northwest by Bulgaria and Greece, to the east by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia (all triad part of the former USSR) and Iran, and to the south by Iraq and Syria.? Strategically located, Turkey controls the Turkish straights including the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles.? Because Turkey is positioned on an area where Europe meets Asia and is very close geographically to Africa, the country provides a link amongst these triplet continents. The European part of the country is named Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia.? Throughout history, Turkey, oddly Anatolia, has been a prominent center of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides (?Turkey at a Glance?).? Additionally, Turkey?s geographical location plays an important role in the geo-politics of Europe and Asia not just as a crucial land bridge between Europe and Asia but as an integral part of the gilded Mediterranean economy, a center for trade, and a critical link to the sea for Russia and the Ukraine.? In the past, Turkey?s geographic location has been the center of the Byzantine and faggot Empires and has acted as a fortress against an expanding Soviet Union and more recently an expanding Iraq (Larson).Turkey?s Role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom? indoors the past year, Turkey has played a vital role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom. The United ... ...ews. 10 Dec. 2003 Stanford, Dick. ?Panel Discussion, Turkeys Relationship and Foreign indemnity Issues with?her Neighbors and the European Union.? 12 June 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003. http//facweb.furman.edu/dstanford/med04/topic 3.htmStanford, Dick. ?Water Control Issues in the Eastern Mediterranean region.? 13 June ? 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003.?Turkey at a Glance.? Google. 10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey Belongs in Europe.? The Economist 7 Dec. 2003 LexisNexis Acadmic News.?10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey, Iraq, Sign Protocol to push Trade.? Turkish Daily News 22 Nov. 2003LexisNexis Acadmic News. 10 Dec. 2003 Turkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics ETurkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics The country of Turkey, slightly larger than Texas in size (780,580 sq km), lies on the southeastern side of Europe and the southwestern side of Asia.? It borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.? Land wise, Turkey is bordered to the northwest by Bulgaria and Greece, to the east by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia (all three part of the former USSR) and Iran, and to the south by Iraq and Syria.? Strategically located, Turkey controls the Turkish straights including the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles.? Because Turkey is positioned on an area where Europe meets Asia and is very close geographically to Africa, the country provides a link between these three continents. The European part of the country is named Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia.? Throughout history, Turkey, especially Anatolia, has been a prominent center of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides (?Turkey at a Glance?).? Additionally, Turkey?s geographical location plays an important role in the geo-politics of Europe and Asia not just as a crucial land bridge between Europe and Asia but as an integral part of the prosperous Mediterranean economy, a center for trade, and a critical link to the sea for Russia and the Ukraine.? In the past, Turkey?s geographic location has been the center of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires and has acted as a fortress against an e xpanding Soviet Union and more recently an expanding Iraq (Larson).Turkey?s Role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom? Within the past year, Turkey has played a vital role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom. The United ... ...ews. 10 Dec. 2003 Stanford, Dick. ?Panel Discussion, Turkeys Relationship and Foreign Policy Issues with?her Neighbors and the European Union.? 12 June 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003. http//facweb.furman.edu/dstanford/med04/topic3.htmStanford, Dick. ?Water Control Issues in the Eastern Mediterranean region.? 13 June ? 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003.?Turkey at a Glance.? Google. 10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey Belongs in Europe.? The Economist 7 Dec. 2003 LexisNexis Acadmic News.?10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey, Iraq, Sign Protocol to Boost Trade.? Turkish Daily News 22 Nov. 2003LexisNexis Acadmic News. 10 Dec. 2003

Turkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics E

bomb calorimeters Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics The country of turkey, slightly larger than Texas in size (780,580 sq km), lies on the southeastern spot of Europe and the southwestern side of Asia.? It borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.? Land wise, turkey is bordered to the northwest by Bulgaria and Greece, to the east by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia (all trio part of the former USSR) and Iran, and to the south by Iraq and Syria.? Strategically located, Turkey controls the Turkish straights including the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles.? Because Turkey is positioned on an area where Europe meets Asia and is very close geographically to Africa, the country provides a link in the midst of these tether continents. The European part of the country is named Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia.? Throughout history, Turkey, particularly Anatolia, has been a prominent center of commerce bec ause of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides (?Turkey at a Glance?).? Additionally, Turkey?s geographical location plays an important role in the geo-politics of Europe and Asia not just as a crucial land bridge between Europe and Asia but as an integral part of the easygoing Mediterranean economy, a center for trade, and a critical link to the sea for Russia and the Ukraine.? In the past, Turkey?s geographic location has been the center of the Byzantine and faggot Empires and has acted as a fortress against an expanding Soviet Union and more recently an expanding Iraq (Larson).Turkey?s Role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom? within the past year, Turkey has played a vital role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom. The United ... ...ews. 10 Dec. 2003 Stanford, Dick. ?Panel Discussion, Turkeys Relationship and Foreign form _or_ system of government Issues with?her Neighbors and the European Union.? 12 June 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003. http// facweb.furman.edu/dstanford/med04/topic3.htmStanford, Dick. ?Water Control Issues in the Eastern Mediterranean region.? 13 June ? 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003.?Turkey at a Glance.? Google. 10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey Belongs in Europe.? The Economist 7 Dec. 2003 LexisNexis Acadmic News.?10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey, Iraq, Sign Protocol to gain ground Trade.? Turkish Daily News 22 Nov. 2003LexisNexis Acadmic News. 10 Dec. 2003 Turkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics ETurkeys Strategic Geographical Location In The World of Geo-Politics The country of Turkey, slightly larger than Texas in size (780,580 sq km), lies on the southeastern side of Europe and the southwestern side of Asia.? It borders the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.? Land wise, Turkey is bordered to the northwest by Bulgaria and Greece, to the east by Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia (all three part of the former USSR) and Iran, and to the south by Iraq and Syria .? Strategically located, Turkey controls the Turkish straights including the Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles.? Because Turkey is positioned on an area where Europe meets Asia and is very close geographically to Africa, the country provides a link between these three continents. The European part of the country is named Thrace, while the Asian part is known as Anatolia.? Throughout history, Turkey, especially Anatolia, has been a prominent center of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides (?Turkey at a Glance?).? Additionally, Turkey?s geographical location plays an important role in the geo-politics of Europe and Asia not just as a crucial land bridge between Europe and Asia but as an integral part of the prosperous Mediterranean economy, a center for trade, and a critical link to the sea for Russia and the Ukraine.? In the past, Turkey?s geographic location has been the center of the Byzantine and Ottoman Em pires and has acted as a fortress against an expanding Soviet Union and more recently an expanding Iraq (Larson).Turkey?s Role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom? Within the past year, Turkey has played a vital role in ?Operation Iraqi Freedom. The United ... ...ews. 10 Dec. 2003 Stanford, Dick. ?Panel Discussion, Turkeys Relationship and Foreign Policy Issues with?her Neighbors and the European Union.? 12 June 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003. http//facweb.furman.edu/dstanford/med04/topic3.htmStanford, Dick. ?Water Control Issues in the Eastern Mediterranean region.? 13 June ? 2003. Accessed on 22 Nov. 2003.?Turkey at a Glance.? Google. 10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey Belongs in Europe.? The Economist 7 Dec. 2003 LexisNexis Acadmic News.?10 Dec. 2003 ?Turkey, Iraq, Sign Protocol to Boost Trade.? Turkish Daily News 22 Nov. 2003LexisNexis Acadmic News. 10 Dec. 2003

Monday, May 27, 2019

Canadian Blood Services IMC Essay

INTRODUCTIONOscar Wilde once said that youth is wasted on the young. But investing in the future, the leaders of tomorrow, is more than just good business sense its a necessity for survival and success Dr. graham flour Sher, CEO of Canadian Blood serve (Pulse Magazine, 2012). Canadian Blood serve is a not-for-profit organization that operates crosswise Canada, excluding Quebec. The objective of Canadian Blood Services is to advertize and receive blood donations through safe and secure methods to help Canadians who need blood transfusions (Canadian Blood Services, 2013). There is an increasing need for blood and blood donations across Canada. Of the current Canadian population, the baby boomer generation remains the most loyal in terms of donating blood, while younger generations are significantly less(prenominal) likely to donate on a frequent basis (Renwick-Shields, 2013). As the baby boomers age, Canadian Blood Services must find new shipway to reach the younger generations, including the fastest growing segment, the Millennials.PROBLEM IDENTIFICATIONHow can Canadian Blood Services increase the number of BC Millennial building block blood donors by 20,000 by March 31, 2015? The target number of donors is based on the previous years statistics of Millennial donations (age 17-34), according the Canadian Blood Services data provided (Bird, 2014a). The target number is a percentage of one-half the total Millennial population of BC in 2012, as typically only half the population is eligible to donate (Renwick-Shields, 2013). The problem statement is specific to BC as a test market. The timeline is based on Canadian Blood Services fiscal year, beginning April 1, 2014 and ending March 31, 2015.KEY FINDINGSAccording to Canadian Blood Services, on average, every 60 seconds, someone in Canada requires blood or a blood product (2013). The demand for blood is not subsiding, increasing at a steady rate of 2% per year (Canadian Blood Services, 2013). To be an eligib le donor, volunteers must meet many stringent requirements, including a minimum age of 17, sufficient levels of iron and hemoglobin in blood, and disclosure of health and spark history.

Sunday, May 26, 2019

Research Paper: Marjane Satrapi Essay

Beset with the unthinkable, the Islamic mutation defines turbulent times for many Iranians (Tehran). Numerous females including Satrapi were robbed of their social rights due to westernizing and secular efforts (Tehran). In turn, the Islamic Revolution undermined the younger Satrapis ability to come to terms with her own identity nevertheless, she now writes to share her experience with subjection and her later journey towards cultural integration.It is a historical dispute that woman did not have their share of say in the revolutionaries political agenda (Mouri). In the months following the Revolution, obligatory hijabs were decreed (Mouri). Girls of any age rank were forced to wear a veil. Several active Iranian female revolutionists discharged into the street protesting what soon became the law of the land. Their male comrades did not offer support believing that the time was not appropriate. Instead, they manifestly encouraged solidarity with the new government in order to di splay a united wait before their international enemies (Kar).Consequently, wearing hijab became mandatory, and the lack of it was disciplinary (Kar). Satrapi was 10 at the time, experiencing her first instances of Irans social and political transformations. (Kutschera). The compulsory hijab eventually assumed a government-sponsored and aggressive position (Kar). Various female and liberal minded organizations were marginalized and stripped of their supremacy. The regime suppressed these crowds through methods such as coercion, enticements, deportation, and brutal force.Years later, Satrapi was spared the oppression of an Islamic regime at the peak of its worst (Leith). Her lack of unwavering obedience and expressive nature would have caused her immense trouble with government. Thus, afraid shed be a victim of the regimes repression and prejudice, her parents sent her to Vienna (Kutschera). Unfortunately, she was challenged with preconceived notions held by Europeans (Leith).While a ttending a boarding school ran by nuns, Marjane was expelled for calling the chief mother a prostitute when she claimed that Iranians were uneducated (Hattenst unrivaled). Marjanes life eventually plummeted leading her to homelessness, bronchitis, and drug abuse (Hattenstone). Defeated, she escaped the havoc by home, ultimately surrendering herself to the lifestyle she once rejected (Hattenstone).Unfortunately, the hijab and restricted style options werent Satrapis mere concern. Upon her arrival home, Satrapi dealt with more prejudice than she had originally anticipated. She was known as the Western Iranian, which made her cultural transition in Iran especially difficult. Her later diagnosis with depression fostered even more mayhem within her life resulting in suicidal attempts. Her early 20s were indeed tempestuous times as she struggled to establish and integrate herself into foreign customs. The end of the Islamic Revolution didnt necessarily mean that the essence of corruption and repression were eradicated. In fact, the bitterness lingered for another 30 years shaping a void for many Iranian women. The married couple age for females was lowered to nine, and they lacked the rights to obtain divorce.Meanwhile, their male counterparts were able to assume full custody of their children, obtain unilateral divorce, and have as many wives as they desired. In all, females received a lot of harsh treatment if they failed abide by the restrictive nature of Islamic rule. For a female foreigner like Satrapi, simply bearing a different style of clothing or thought was enough to galvanize unwanted attention. It was remarkably problematic having to assimilate into a enculturation she had to escape from in the first place. In the end, Satrapi realized that although Iran is her home, the social oppression outweighed that one factor. She eventually returned to Europe to pursue an art degree and take on the next chapter of her life, Persepolis.Persepolis was written in e fforts to share her experience regarding the Islamic regime. It is often a misconception that Iranians were religious fanatics versus being traditional, and for that, Satrapi wrote to bring light and understanding into the situation. She wanted to explicate that what people saw in the news didnt bear the whole picture. Her other renowned writing projects such as Chickens and Plums and Persepolis II also incriminate political elements along with personal experiences. It is ultimately her way of preserving an evolutionary truth that could have succumbed had she not taken the time to share.Consequently, Satrapis story is now one of the most popular books known for embodying a realistic coming of age story during the Islamic Revolution. She undertakes a realistic portrayal of how private life and common life can be drastically assailed by political upheaval.

Saturday, May 25, 2019

Plato’s Laches

During his lifetime Socrates various interactions with his fellow Athenians leave his intentions debatable. Popular belief in Athens seemed to be that, he Socrates was an evildoer, and a curious person, who searches into things under the mankind and in heaven? and makes the worse appear the better cause (Plato, pg. 5) as stated by the unofficial charges against him in The Apology. After discussions, his interlocutors were left confused in a state of aporia, with no conclusion.And so while negative views of Socrates became increasing popular in Athens right up until his death, Socrates was, on the contrary, serving as Athenss benefactor, opening up their eyes to the truth of world in which they lived in. In Platos Laches, Socrates does in fact tweak down his interlocutors claims but only to prove to them that they feignt know what they claim to know by exposing holes in their fundamental thoughts and to redirect them on a path to finding full-strength know takege.Through a order of elenchus, Socrates aimed to prove to his interlocutor that the ideas they held about certain topics were in fact false. When a person would come to him with a question, as Laches and Nicias do in Laches, Socrates would first direct the parley in such a way that the question lying before the men is a foundational one, and non necessarily the original question.In his explanation of this Socrates states, So, in a word, whenever a man considers a thing for the sake of anformer(a) thing, he is taking counselling about that thing for the sake of which he was considering, and not about what he was investigating for the sake of something else (Plato 185D) and redirects the question of whether or not young boys should learn the maneuver of fighting in armor to how to care for the souls of young men. By doing this Socrates is able to expose the very source of his interlocutors belief ashes and demonstrate that if the basis of the system isnt true nothing built on it force out be tru e.Socrates goes on to have the men discus chastity, because they are seek to discover what virtue could be added to their sons souls to make them better men and because virtues are the basis for the moral ethics by which they live.. He then invites them to define a virtue courage. When Laches gives a less than sufficient answer, Socrates rephrases his question and asks for a true definition of courage, one that would encompass every sort of courageous act. Eventually Laches gets to a point where he is unsure of how to proceed, saying, I am really getting annoyed at being unable to express what I think in this ashion. I placid think I know what courage is, but I cant understand how it has escaped me just now so that I cant pin it down in words and say what it is (Plato 194B). By admitting that he is unable to concisely express the definition of something he considered himself knowledgeable about, Laches allowed Socrates method to have a reflective effect on him. The dialogue ends i n an aporia, or a state of unknowing, leaving Laches and Nicias still without an answer to whether or not young men should learn the art of fighting in armor and more importantly without what a proper definition of courage.They leave the conversation confused, realizing, that they dont know what they thought they knew, which is what Socrates had originally intended for them to eventually understand. Coming out of a Socratic dialogue usually left the interlocutor trace one of two ways. Laches, after conversing with Socrates and Nicias, is aware that he isnt as informed on the idea of courage as he would have uniform to think, but still agrees to go Lysimachus house the next day to continue the discussion in hopes of revealing an answer.Being made aware of his shortcoming, instilled in him a proclivity to further explore it. Leaving the Socratic dialogue left Laches wanted more because it ended in aporia, the only tag on of knowledge he got of the conversation was that his definit ions were wrong. Instead of giving Laches the answer, and having him just accept it as true, Socrates invited him to search for it, because in searching for an answer to the definition of courage, Laches would gradually begin to question and search for other pieces of knowledge relevant to his life, and it would become an ongoing process.However, other Athenians eventually grew tired of Socrates extensive questioning and can be seen in The Apology putting Socrates on trial for it. Instead of taking Socrates conversations for what they were worth, they labeled him as argumentative and a man who was corrupting the youth of the city. By breaking down his interlocutors various thoughts, ideas, and theses, Socrates was trying to reveal to them that they were not in fact wise and that the knowledge they thought they possessed was not true knowledge.Socrates himself was only considered wiser than his fellow Athenians because he considered his one piece of knowledge to be that he didnt know anything. By breaking down, piece by piece, the arguments of those he conversed with, he intended for them to realize that their knowledge was sexual relation and therefore meaningless in the grander scheme of things. By recognizing this, only then could they begin life-time a life in search of finding true meaning. In searching for meaningful things they would have to learn to question things.While he is on trial in The Apology, Socrates tells the jury that, The unexamined life is not worth living (Plato pg. 24) Living life without asking questions, and without inquiry, is not living life at all, and is therefore worthless. As an Athenian himself, Socrates wants to help the fellow men of his city led examined lives and is quick to let them know, if they do away with him, there might never be someone else who does for them what he is attempting to do. In conclusion, Socrates is

Friday, May 24, 2019

Development Assistance Essay

The best way for planetary donors to quicken training in poor Asiatic countries is to maximize overseas developmental assistance. ODA should be provided both to governments directly and to international and topical anesthetic NGOs. Development can be considered as one of the most ubiquitous concepts today. This term had been a commonplace in governments and non-governmental organizations alike (Nault, 2008). Overseas developmental assistance also referred to as official overseas assistance (ODA), had been a decisive part of world economies especially to those who belong to the third world.As early as 1960s, under real and developing countries have seen the importance of receiving grants in forms of ODA from more veritable countries (Berlage and Stokke, 1992) It is now devolven that most of the countries, which ar underdeveloped, or those who are still in the process of developing are indeed in great select of ODAs coming from their more developed counterparts. The lack of resources on the part of the poor countries makes them suffer the opportunity cost of not attending to other(a) pressing issues in within their territories.This paper exit present arguments in two fold. First, it will make a point on how international donors can quicken development in poor Asian countries by maximizing the core it gives through ODAs. Second, it will argue on why is there a necessity to give funds directly to international and local NGOs rather than just giving it to the government it having the sole discretion on the funds disbursement. Similar to the case in developed countries, rising and relentless reckon deficits had become one of the major causes for concern in developing countries.Asian countries have been suffering from massive budget deficits for the past recent years (Gupta, 1992). Given that most of the developing and underdeveloped countries are suffering from budget deficit, there really is a select that ODAs should be intensified in order to addres s other social concerns that are being neglected by the governments due to lack of budget. These social concerns, which deals with welfare and other public issues are often taken for granted by governments despite their noble ideas because they lack resources in financing these programs.If resources will be provided through ODA, the local government will be better equipped of bringing service to their people. Aside from mere economic progress, development must also entail improvements with weigh to life expectancy, education levels, literacy, and access to resources (Nault, 2008). With more funds, which are easily available to finance social programs of the government, people may easily reap the benefits of ODAs coming from developed countries. The funds coming from the ODA can be allocated to programs aimed at empowering the grassroots and improving the living conditions of the people.With regard to economic progress, there is also a great need for the funds, which are given by mo re developed countries. Given the lack of resources of underdeveloped countries, they have no enough assets to stimulate their respective economies. Nowadays, government-initiated economic policies are necessary to save the worsening condition of the global economy. The world economy is being threatened by massive recessions. Hence, there is a necessity for demesne intervention in stimulating the economy. ODAs can be used by the government to back up state-initiated economic programs aimed at ameliorating the countrys economy.ODAs may be used as capital by the government and also as investment so that it would yield to higher profits in the future. ODAs can also be used by the government in coming up with schemes that will help protect the economy from the global shorten of economic downturns by implementing regulations, which will somehow put safety nets to the national economy. ODAs may be used in employment training and job existence in order to assure that the citizens of the country are equipped with appropriate knowledge, which they may use in finding employment.Having established the necessity of increasing the amount of ODAs being transferred by developed countries to their poorer and less fortunate counterparts of Asia, the argumentation will shift towards the necessity of diverting funds not only to state governments provided to non-governmental organizations as well. First, the author of this paper acknowledges the vital role being played by the government with regard to managing ODAs. Much substance have been given forward in this paper and it is beyond argumentation that state-government acceptance of ODAs is indeed necessary.However, a new concept is being realized and offered which relates to the offering of ODAs from developed nations directly to international and local NGOs in the country. Perhaps one of the reasons to such proposition is the lessening trust of developed nations to their underdeveloped counterparts in Asia when it comes w ith governance. Many Asian countries, especially those who are financially-burdened, are often described in the international arena as engaging in the process of corruption.Documented evidence is being studied to reenforcement such claim (Lindsey and Dick, 2002). Good governance within the public sphere is indeed crucial in creating an environment, which will help mobilize resources, both domestically and internationally as well (establishment for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2002). Grantors of ODAs take into consideration the political climate within the country, which will receive their grant. They give premium to those who are practicing reasoned governance. However, most countries in Asia had been involved in cases related to corruption.Hence, they do not appear as flawless to those who are shooting them their ODAs. On the other hand, NGOs file a message of altruism to the international community. These NGOs project an image that they are indeed concerned in bringi ng progress to the countries where they have offices in. They appear as the good guys, whose business is to promote the welfare of the oppressed. NGOs are also offering programs that are aimed at bringing progress and development to their host countries. Sometimes, such programs from the NGOs are not being offered by state-governments.Another point is the fact that since grantors of aids are losing trust to corrupt governments, they are finding alternative channels to send their ODAs to residents of the receiving countries. Most NGOs in the international levels have earned themselves of the reputation to help others due to their noble causes. In spite of the manner as to how developed countries will be sending in their grants, what matters most is the fact that these grants are indeed helpful in bring progress and development to underdeveloped countries. References Berlage L. and Stokke, O. (1992). Evaluating Development care Approaches and Method.London Routledge Publishing. Gupta , K. L. (1992). Budget Deficits and Economic Activity in Asia. London, Routledge Publishing. Lindsey, T. and Dick, H. W. (2002). Corruption in Asia rethinking the governance paradigm. Annandale NSW Federation Press. Nault D. M. (2008). Development in Asia Interdisciplinary, Post-Neoliberal, and Transnational Perspectives. Boca Raton Brown Walker Press. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2002). Official development assistance and private finance attracting finance and investment to developing countries. Paris OECD Publishing.

Thursday, May 23, 2019

A Rose for Emily: the Characteristic of Miss Emily

Emilys Rose The characteristic of Miss Emilys house isa symbol for her appearance as she starts aging and deteriorating with clipping and neglect. It was a big, squarish frame house that had once been white Then it became an eyesore among eyesores. Miss Emily changed the same ways as her house did and she too became an eyesore. She had once been a slender figure in white and later she becomes bloated, like a body long submerged in motionless water with eyes incapacitated in the fatty ridges of her face.During Miss Emilys death she had been referred to as a fallen monument, which could mean she was once something beautiful and prosperous provided with time she grew old and poor. These same changes from prosperity to poverty occurred in the South after the Civil War. (Faulkner 521-527) The mailbox is another symbol that leadsyou to believe Miss Emily is dormant living in her post bellum era when she was in her prime with her father. The mailbox is Emilys refusal to move forward, it is a visual representation of the communication she has severed, for her time stands still.She forget not allow the town to put a house number on her home for the free postal service. She too tells the tax collectors to talk to Colonel Sartoris (who has been all of a sudden for ten years) to resolve her problem that she doesnt pay taxes. This shows Miss Emilys, maybe even shows the Souths neglect of time and desire to live in the past. (SparkNotes Editors) The symbolism for the rose which in my opinion is the most intriguing symbol throughout the whole story is actually the symbol for the ending that includes Emily murdering her sweetheart that went forward.Homer is Emilys rose, roses are often acquainted with love, seeing that the rose was preserved we can take it to mean that Emily wanted to preserve the rose and thus also mean she would like to preserve her love. The rose for Emily was the way where she neatly placed the body of Homer Barron (her sweetheart), or possibly h owever Homer himself. The room was described as having rose-shaded lights and the curtains giving off a faded rose color.Knowing from having a girlfriend, many women like to dry out their roses in order to keep them forever, maybe in Emilys distorted mind she wanted to keep Homer forever. (SparkNotes Editors) Faulkner uses crafty symbolism for the sake of the story itself, and also takes it a step further by using the changes of Emily Grierson as a symbol for the changes in the post-bellum south. Creatively Faulkner uses the unordered chronology to set the stage of the fallen south, which just wants to keep holding on the past when it reigned. Work Cited

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Honors Program Essay

Malcolm Anomnachi UMES ID 1194723 Aundra C. Roberts, B. A. Program Coordinator The Honors Program/General Studies University of Maryland Eastern Shore Richard Hazel H all told Suite 2051 11868 Academic Oval Princess Anne, MD 21853 My Goals and Academic Interests thither is a slogan in my country that says A fool at forty is fool forever this could be explained to be an assumed concept that whizz who hasnt realized his purpose or potential in life by the optimum time of his life (usually age 40), probably never testament.My adolescent-hood was nil to be proud of beca workout I never acted like I could ever imagine myself having a successful future I lived my life however I wanted without thinking about how my actions could affect me in the future. I was lucky to be given a second chance and since then I harbort misused it. I take a crap a lot of academic goals, but they shall all end up aiding me to graduate from law school. I shortly finished a successful year at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, and I must say that it was exceptionally interesting and I put all other distractions aside to make sure that I passed in flying colors.I am a Criminal Justice major and I intend to use the knowledge obtained from my degree to pass the LSAT to go law school I to a fault intend to work at a Criminal Justice direction of my choice while I attend law school. I chose to pursue a career in law after I realized my strongest give was Arguing, I participated in a lot of high school debates and I usually got in trouble for excessively quarrelling with my high school instructors on human body related matters of which I had strong oppositions for.I decided to channel this negative passion into a more subtle and legal manner I also have a long history of relatives associated with the law so I decided to continue the family tradition to become a Defense Attorney. My grandfather, who was a Chief think in Nigeria, died in 1996, and since then his law firm has operate d at slow pace, I plan to run the place by the time I constitute enough experience in the years to come and do wonderful things. I have a lot of goals that I plan to accomplish, but the cardinal I would like to accomplish now is joining The Honors Program at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore.I am looking for students that I can acknowledge as a challenge to me and I feel that most of those students are in the Honors Program. I think that this program will bring out my undiscovered word because I always enjoy acquiring new information. I think one thing my father failed to realize in his lifetime is that its non always about what you know, but its also about who you know if this opportunity is granted to me, I can meet different people who whitethorn be able to better my life in the future.It is through this program that I intend to graduate from this university and attend law school at Cornell University, which is also associated with the Honors Program at this universit y, so becoming a member of this program will hopefully serve as a helpful transition. As a student, I would be lying if I said I didnt need a help in tuition payment. I hope that joining this program and putting my best in my academic work will earn some sort of scholarship. In a nutshell, joining the Honors Program will open numerous doors for me.I am a respectful student at this school and I maintain a good relationship with all of my instructors because I know that I am practically nothing without them. I strive for nothing but the best and that is why I wish to join this program. by from almost becoming a member of the Mens Track and Field team at this university, I am also a received member of the National Society of Collegiate Scholars (NSCS), so this will also be a good addition to my accomplishments in my college life. My main goal at the moment is to join the Honors Program and to excel in it so I hope you can help me accomplish this.

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Foreshadowing In “The Lottery” Essay

Shirley capital of Mississippi depicts a special day, June 27, in the lives of the inhabitants of a small, appargonntly serene village. The use of foreshadowing is applied extensively to hint to the reader that despite the seemingly festive occasion, there is something morbid virtually the drafting that causes the state of the town to be uneasy. Jackson foreshadows the ironic conclusion with specific examples and both ominous and tense diction.The earlier indication of the peculiarity of the days lottery is the little boys had already stuffed their pockets full of st angiotensin converting enzymes (422). One knows that a lottery in modern societies definitely does not involve rocks, so the idea that the towns lottery is much different than the ones known in todays world is introduced. The fact that the men who begin to gather for the lottery stand away from the pile of stones shows that the stones are not a mirthful part of the days events (422). These examples give the reader t he idea that there is something important, yet shady just about the pile of rocks. And although the men told jokes, they smiled rather than laughed (422). If the lottery was a carefree event, the men would have had no job with laughing. The description of the actions of the group of men creates the impression that the lottery is a serious event which is not about laughing matters.During the lottery, after most of the men had chosen and drawn their scrap of paper, they sat turning them all over and over nervously (425). If the lottery was being conducted to give out some sort of reward or prize, they would have seemed eager, not nervous. Jackson also describes the way Mr. Summers and Mr. Adams grin at each another(prenominal) as nervously (425). The repetition of the word nervous reinforces that the lottery is not one of fun and games. In addition, Mrs. Dunbars anticipation for Mr. Summers to hurry shows that the lottery is not the type of occasion the people enjoy participating in and would rather get over with quickly (425).Therefore it is obvious that the lottery would not have a pleasant outcome. Instead, the lottery must have some sort of negative outcome that is serious replete to make the entire town nervous.The most significant sign of the abnormal nature of the lottery is the accession of the black box (422). In most peoples minds the color black is associated with death. When it is revealed that there are scraps of paper in the box, the reader is also exposed to what the box is used for to hold the papers which the villagers will draw. In essence, the connotation of the color black creates the impression that when the villagers draw from the box, they are drawing for a chance at death. This example foreshadows exactly what will happen when the story concludes. Next Jackson describes the lottery as being a ritual that once involved a chant (423).The connotation of these talking to also supports the idea that the lottery revolves around death. Wh en one thinks of a ritual, pictures of Ancient Aztec or Mayan sacrifices come to mind. And when one thinks of chanting, images of hooded figures preparing someone for a sacrifice surface. So through the use of ominous nouns and adjectives, Jackson is explicitly stating what is qualifying to happen as a result of the lottery a human sacrifice is going to off place.Although as the story progresses there is more and more of a feeling of doom, the reader does not get going acutely aware of what takes place after the lottery until Mrs. Hutchinson cowers in a corner with the mob attack her. If one analyzes the color of the box and its purpose, it is possible to predict the outcome of the lottery, but otherwise all other methods of foreshadowing provide the reader with a strong feeling that something disturbing is going to occur.

Monday, May 20, 2019

Response to Othello Essay

In the embolden Othello, to begin with written by William Shakespeare but reproduced by Michael Lynch and James Beggs, the overall entertainment value differed enormously amongst its viewers. To determine the entertainment value, one must look at the theme, subject, individuality, and the verisimilitude of the knead. I think the theme of Othello is that crawl in is a powerful feeling that atomic number 50 easily be deceitful. In Othello, Desdemona and Othello both share a have it off for each other in which seems unbreakable, yet when others begin to feel jealous the feeling of love amongst others in the mutation becomes a lie.The subject of the play, Othello, is betrayal and dedication. In this play, it had revealed ironically that ones committedness might cause ones betrayal. Iago, a main char exertioner and the cunning instigator of the play, uses his loyalty to assist him in betraying Othello, and which in turn eventually leads to Othellos tragedy.The play was not very unusual in that in that location are many plays with a similar format, yet the outcome was not predictable. go watching the play, one could expect perhaps a more happy or unusual terminus to a short tragedy. Rather than ending in happiness, Othello ended with a number of deaths and many heartbroken, deceived people.I think Othello was somewhat believable in that the actors portrayed the characters in a respectively believable manner. The play never broke convention, and the majority of it was throughout a variety of peoples views. From watching this production, I have learned that in order for a production to be believable, it must follow instance of one or many perspectives throughout the play. Also, I learned that when acting in a play that is based on a time other than the present, the characters must put themselves in that time and gauge what it was or will be like.The protagonist of the play was one of the main characters, Othello, and the antagonist of the play was anoth er(prenominal) main character, Iago. throughout the entire play, Iago stresss to sabotage Othello and his wife Desdemonas marriage. The main conflict is that Othello and Desdemona marry and attempt to build a life together, despite their differences in age, race, andexperience. Their marriage is sabotaged by the envious Iago, who convinces Othello that Desdemona is treacherous. As Iago gathers Cassio and Roderigo to assistance in his twisted scheme of things, the action rises. Iago tells the audience of his plan of action he tells Roderigo he can have a second chance at Desdemona, arranges for Cassio to lose his position as lieutenant, and gradually insinuates to Othello that Desdemona is unfaithful with these men. What Othello fails to see is that Desdemona really is a loyal wife. In fact, her loyalty towards Othello is invisible to him.Through Iagos manipulation, Othello suspects Desdemona of having an topic with another man and started to become insane. At the same time, Othe llo is loyal to Desdemona and he expects the same in submit from Desdemona. This makes him become mad crazy and begin to crave the thought of murdering Desdemona. Othello is set in Venice throughout act 1, and hence moves to Cyprus for the duration of the play. The time period is the late sixteenth century during the wars between Venice and Turkey. The play opens up in Venice, and a man is being hung by a noose for the wrong he had done. It then shifts to outside Desdemonas aunts house, and resides in Cyprus after that. Othellos time evolution goes in a incidentally order, over a span of a couple days. The mise en scene (total picture of the production) was overall decent. I believe the lights were very hearty designed and executed, especially in the scenes in which the moon and sun were seen.Furthermore, the unison was also appropriate and the effects of the drums during battle scenes made it somewhat believable. The production of this play was very well made, granted that it was a very old play originally written during the time it took place, and acted out in the twenty-first century. The protagonist, Othello, was played by Jelani Brown. His performance overall was done very well. Many times in the play it was difficult to understand what he was saying due to a pronunciation maybe, or a technical issue. Otherwise the pronunciation issue, Jelani Brown produced an incredible performance. His character development was on track and he displayed great articulation. The antagonist, Iago, was played by Jon Cates. I think he was the best actor in the play. Throughout the entire play, he made the small things in theater really stand out much(prenominal) as his facial expressions, body language, tone, and speed of speech.His character was meant to be played as someone who is essentially up to no good and wants the others in play to love him, by makingthem all dislike each other. Iago was also my favorite character in the play mostly because he truly nailed hi s character. I feel that Jon Cates had an outstanding performance. Desdemona, the beautiful, innocent, sought-after young woman was played by Corrine Bryant. At first it was a little hard to get into Corrine Bryants character because she took a little longer than the others to develop. The other both main characters, Cassio, played by Jerris Ramirez and Roderigo, played by Justin R. Alvarez were perfect for their parts as well. Roderigo gave the play its comical appeal as he was a little oblivious at times and Iago had to get in his face and break it down for him.Jerris Ramirez and Justin R. Alvarez characters were played with great heart and made the play enjoyable for the audience. If I were to rate Othello based on a star system, I would give it four stars. Although I did like the play, I feel that the ratings should be devised of much more than just of someones like or dislike. I would probably not watch the play again, I think once was enough for me. I would recommend the play to people who enjoy Shakespearian tragedies, as this play was just that. I didnt like how the play was set in the 1600s, a time that is so far back that there is little entertainment. The play was very well put together and personally, I enjoyed it. I liked that the play was based on events that actually happened during that time period, rather than an unbelievable play.

Sunday, May 19, 2019

Motivational techniques used by infosys Essay

Staff smells argon usu all(prenominal)y in truth helpful in establishing whether staffs in your bon ton argon incite and in that locationfore practiseing to scoop upshot. excursus from the discipline that questionnaires reveal, the process of involving and consulting with staff is grandly beneficial and pauperismal in its cause right, ( imagine the Hawthorne Effect). Whilst your survey bequeath be unique to your social club, your staff issues, your indus tense up and culture, slightly useful generic guidelines apply to nigh situations. Although non exhaustive, the complying ten points whitethorn help you cover the relevant subject argonas and help towards establishing facts instead than devising assumptions more or less indigence when designing your own questionnaires on employee need.Ten tips for questionnaires on employee pauperization1. What is the radical aim of your company?Your employees may be untold cued if they interpret the primary aim of you r business. hire questions to establish how lightheaded they are ab come out your companys principles, priorities and mission. 2. What obstacles stop employees per varianting to best effect? Questionnaires on employee need should include questions about what employees are tolerating in their figure out and home lives. The company jakes eliminate practices that zap motivation. 3. What authentically motivates your staff?It is often assumed that all nation are motivated by the uniform things. Actually we are motivated by a whole range of factors. overwhelm questions to elicit what really motivates employees, including learning about their values. atomic number 18 they motivated by financial rewards, status, praise and ac copeledgment, competition, rail elbow room line security, ordinary actualisation, fear, perfectionism, results 4. Do employees spirit empowered?Do your employees feel they hand telephone circuit comments that give them somewhat autonomy and suffer t hem to light upon their own solutions or are they given a list of tasks to perform and solely told what to do? 5. Are there any recent changes in the company that might birth affected motivation? If your company has made redundancies, imposed a recruitment freeze or mazed a number of key mass this entrust turn in an effect on motivation. Collect information fromemployees about their fears, patterns and concerns relating to these events. Even if they are unfounded, treat them with respect and honesty. 6. What are the patterns of motivation in your company?Who is some motivated and why? What lessons great deal you learn from patches of high and low motivation in your company? 7. Are employee cultivations and company goals aligned?First, the company desires to establish how it fatalitys mortals to spend their cadence based on what is to the highest degree valuable. Secondly this needs to be compared with how individuals actually spend their magazine. You may find employe es are highly motivated simply about the wrong priorities. 8. How do employees feel about the company?Do they feel safe, loyal, precious and taken rush of? Or do they feel taken advantage of, dispensable and invisible? have a bun in the oven them what would advance their loyalty and commitment. 9. How involved are employees in company emergence?Do they feel listened to and perceive? Are they consulted? And, if they are consulted, are their opinions taken seriously? Are there regular opportunities for them to give feed dorsum? 10. Is the companys inner(a) image consistent with its out-of-door one? Your company may present itself to the population as the caring airline, the forward thinking technology company or the family hotel chain. Your employees would have been influenced, and their expectations exercise, to this image when they joined your company. If you do not mirror this image within your company in the way you treat employees you may notice motivation problems. Fin d out what the disparity is between the employees image of the company from the outside and from the inside. Blaire Palmer 2004-12.tips on structure, format and direction of employee questionnaires Use the questionnaire guidelines above when creating content and subject matter for your employee motivation and satisfaction questionnaires and surveys. hither are some additional tips about questionnaires and surveys structure, formatand style Create a clear, readable inviting structure. Use white-out boxes for answers, scores, and for check-boxes, which clearly show the parts which need completing. Use a clear 11 or 12 point (font) typeface. 10 point is difficult to read for some volume. eliminate italics and fancy graphics they just make the document to a greater extent difficult and more time-consuming to read. encounter at the writing tips and techniques for former(a) useful pointers in creating good scrapeed communications. Apply the uniform principles if your survey question naire form is online (ie., screen-based). Where accomplishable try to use specific questions with multiple-choice answers, rather than general open-ended questions.Specific questions improve clarity and consistency of under(a)standing among respondents, and a multiple-choice format enables the answers to be converted into scores which ground belong be loaded into a spreadsheet and very substantially analysed. General or vague questions on the opposite hand tend to lead to varying interpretation (or confusion) among respondents likewise, by inviting an open-ended answer you ordain refund lots of narrative-based and subjective opinions, which might be very interesting, barely allow be very time-consuming to read, and even more time-consuming to analyse, specially if you are surveying a large stem of employees. Here is an exampleOpen-ended question What do you think of the Performance Appraisal administration? (This will take a leak varied narrative responses = difficult to analyse.) Multiple-choice question Rate the effectiveness of the Performance Appraisal System in providing you with clear and agreed training and suppuration Good/Okay/not Good/ inadequate (By asking respondents to check boxes or delete as necessary the multiple-choice answers will produce extremely clear answers to a specific question that can be converted into scores and very easily analysed) Use four options in multiple-choice questions rather than three or five.Three and five options typically offer a middle dont know or average selection. Using four, with no middle cop-out will ensure that everybody decides one way or the other satisfactory or not, which is what you need to know. Mid-way average non-committal answers are not helpful, so avoid giving respondents that option. If you go to the trouble of creating, managing and analysing a huge staff survey surely its a good report to produce as ofttimes meaningful data as possible.Certain questions are suitable for numerica l or percentage rack up by respondents, in which caseuse such a system (again ensure you avoid oblation scores which equate to average or dont know). For example establish-based question Score the extent to which you enjoy your break away 1-5 = dont enjoy, 6-10 = enjoy. (By providing a clear differentiation between do and dont, this 1-10 scoring system gives a wide range of choices, and at the same time a clear result.) Check with a sample of respondents that they understand the draft questions in the way you intend, before you print and issue the questionnaire to all six hundred or however many staff.Designing questionnaires and communications in isolation can produce strange results not just politicians get out of touch so check you are actually on the same planet, in terms of your aims, language and meaning, as the tribe whose views you seek. Make sure you explain to all staff beforehand that youll be publishing the survey findings, and consequently afterwards ensure yo u do so. And so act on the findings. If your MD/CEO is not to the to the full behind your initiative, then go work for a different company whose MD/CEO correctly supports the concept of consulting the folk whose efforts underpin his success (not to mention his share options, second home and Porsche etc.)Allow tribe to terminated the survey questionnaires anonymously. If helpful to you and you have a purpose for doing so, you can ask plurality to chance on which department/region/office they belong to, anticipate such information is genuinely useful to you and you can handle the analysis. KISS Keep It Simple Stupid. Break complex questions into digestible parts. Keep the survey to a sensible length probably 20 minutes to complete it is a sensible limit of or so commonwealths tolerance. You can always follow up later in the year with another(prenominal) survey, especially if nation enjoy completing it, and they see that the feedback and analysis process is helpful to the m as headspring as the employer (see the point about MD/CEO support above).By all means at the end of the questionnaire invite and allow space for any other comments, or improve still try to guide respondents towards a particular question. On which point, wherever it is necessary to ask an open-ended question, use the manner of speaking what and how rather than why, if you want to discover motives and springs. What and How will condense respondents on the facts objectively, whereas why tends to focus respondents on defending themselves. ExamplesIts okay to ask What factors could be changed to help staff enjoy their work more in the XYZ depot? Whereas its not very clever to ask Why is there such a crap attitude among staff at XYZ depot? The second example is daft of course, but you see the point.managing (just), or leading?In this excellent guide article by motivation quick-witted Blaire Palmer, ten central points (for some, myths) of employee motivation are exposed and explain ed, many with real case have references and examples.employee motivation principles a short case study sounds familiar? When Michael started his own consultancy he employed top slew people hed worked with in the past who had shown commitment, flair and loyalty and who seemed to share his values. But a a couple of(prenominal) months raze the line one of his police squad members started to struggle. Jo was putting in the hours but without enthusiasm. Her combine was drop she was unfocused and not bringing in enough bare-assed business. Michael explained to Jo the seriousness of the situation. Without unfermented business he would lose the company and that would mean her job. He showed her the books to illustrate his point. He again ran through her job description and the procedures she was expected to follow.He told her that he was sure she was up to the job but he really necessitate her to bring in the new business or they would all be out on their ear. Jo told Michael t hat she understood. She was doing her best but shed try harder. But a month later nothing had changed. After an sign burst of energy, Jo was back to her old ways. No matter how experienced a leader you are, chances are at times you have struggled to motivate certain individuals. Youve tried every trick in the book. Youve sat down one-to-one with the individual come to and explained the situation. Youve outlined the big vision again in the apprehend of shake them. Youve given them the bottom line Either you pull your finger out or your job is on the line.Youve dangled a carrot in front of them If you make your targets youll get a great premium. And sometimes it works. But not every time. And there have been casualties. Ultimately if someone cant get the job done they have to go. The granddaddy of motivation theory, Frederick Herzberg, called traditional motivation strategies KITA (something similar to cathexis In ThePants). He used the analogy of a dog.When the master wants his dog to move he each gives it a nudge from behind, in which case the dog moves because it doesnt have much choice, or he offers it a treat as an inducement, in which case it is not so much motivated by wanting to move as by wanting choc drops KITA does the job (though arguably not sustainably) but its hard work. It means every time you want the dog to move you have to kick it (metaphorically). Wouldnt it be better if the dog wanted to move by itself?Transferring this principle back in to the workplace, around motivation strategies are push or pull based. They are about keeping people travel either with a kick from behind (threats, fear, tough targets, complicated systems to check people follow a procedure) or by offering choc drops (bonuses, grand presentations of the vision, conferences, campaigns, initiatives, etc).10 focusing motivation examples to illustrate that there are better ways to motivate employees Blaire Palmers experience has enabled her to work with a wide range o f individuals and groups from a variety of backgrounds. Some of these people are highly motivated themselves, but struggle to extend this kingdom of mind to the people they manage. Other people are at the receiving end of KITA motivation strategies that (obviously) arent operative on them. These people know they should be more engaged with their work. sometimes they fake it for a few months but its not sustainable.In this paper Blaire identifies some common assumptions about motivation and presents some new paradigms that can help motivate more effectively. By adding these coaching tools and motivation principles to your capabilities you should find the job of leading those around you, and/or support others to do the same, more of a joyful and rewarding activity. kinda of spending all your time and energy pushing and cajoling (in the belief that your peoples motivation essential(prenominal) come from you) you will be able to focus on leading your team up, and enabling them to light upon their full potential themselves.Ultimately, motivation must come from within each person. No leader is ever the virtuoso and continuing source of motivation for a person. plot the leaders encouragement, support, inspiration, and example will at times motivate followers, theleaders greatest role in motivate is to describe people for who they are, and to help them find their own way forward by making best use of their own strengths and abilities. In this way, achievement, development, and recognition will all come quite naturally to the person, and it is these things which are the trustworthy fuels of private motivation.By necessity these case studies initially include some negative references and examples, which I would urge you to see for what they are. How not to do things, and negative references, dont normally represent a great political program for learning and development. In life its so primary(prenominal) always to try to accentuate the validating to e ncourage electropositive visualisation so, see the negatives for what they are silly daft old ways that fail, and focus on the the positives in each of these examples. There are very many.motivation example 1 everyone is ilk me sensation of the most common assumptions we make is that the individuals who work for us are motivated by the same factors as us. Perhaps you are motivated by loyalty to the company, enjoying a challenge, proving yourself to others or making money. One great pitfall is to try to motivate others by focusing on what motivates you. Marie, a director in her company, was being coached. She was a perfectionist. Every day she pushed herself to succeed and was rewarded with recognition from her peers. But she was unable to get the same standard of work from her team members. In the first few weeks of her coaching she would say, If just people completed how important it was to put in 110% and how good it felt to get the acknowledgment, then they would start to feel more motivated.But it wasnt work. rather people were starting to become impatient towards Maries approach. Acknowledgment was a prime motivator for Marie so to help her consider some other options, she was helped to brainstorm what else might motivate people in their work. Maries list grew learning new skills, accomplishing a goal as part of a team, creativity, achieving work-life balance, financial rewards and the adrenaline rush of working to tight deadlines. Marie began to see that perhaps her team were indeed motivated it was simply that the team members were motivated in a different ways to her own. If the leader can tap into and support the team members own motivations then the leader begins to help people to realise their full potential.motivation example 2 no-one is like meSince the 1980s, seek has shown that although we know that we are motivated by meaningful and satisfying work (which is supported by Herzbergs timeless theory on the subject, and virtually all sensible search ever since), we assume others are motivated mainly by financial rewards. Chip Heath, associate professor at Stanford University carried out research that found most people believe that others are motivated by extrinsic rewards, such as pay or job security, rather than congenital motivators, like a desire to learn new skills or to contribute to an organisation. Numerous surveys show that most people are motivated by intrinsic factors, and in this respect we are mostly all the same.Despite this, era many leaders recognise that their own motivation is driven by factors that have nothing to do with money, they make the mistake of assuming that their people are somehow different, and that money is central to their motivation. If leaders assume that their team members only care about their pay packet, or their car, or their monthly bonus, this inevitably produces a faulty and unsustainable motivational approach. leading must recognise that people are different only in so far as the different particular intrinsic factor(s) which motivate each person, but in so far as we are all motivated by intrinsic factors, we are all the same.motivation example 3 people dont listen to meWhen some people talk, nearly everyone listens certain politicians, business leaders, entertainers people we regard as high achievers. You probably know people a little like this too. You may not agree with what they say, but they have a presence, a tone of voice and a confidence that is unmistakable. Fundamentally these people are great gross sales-people. They can make an unmitigated disaster sound like an unqualified victory. But do you need to be like this to motivate and lead? Certainly not. some people make the mistake of thinking that the only people who can lead others to success and achieve true excellence, and are the high-profile, charismatic, alpha-male/female types.This is not true. pack was a relatively successful salesman but he was never at the top of his tea ms league table.In coaching sessions he would venerate whether he would ever be as good as his more flamboyant and aggressive colleagues. crowd together saw himself as a sensitive person and was concerned that he was too sensitive for the job. pile was encouraged to direct at how he could use his sensitivity to make more sales and fly the coop his teammates.He reworked his sales pitch and instead of focusing his approach on the product, he based his initial approach on building rapport and asking questions. He made no attempt to denounce. Instead he listened to the challenges facing the people he called and asked them what kind of solution they were looking for. When he had realise their trust and established what they needed he would then describe his product.A character like James is also typically able to establish highly reliable and dependable processes for self-management, and for organising activities and resources, all of which are attributes that are extremely useful and valued in fresh business. When he began to work according to his natural strengths, his sales figures went through the roof. Each of us has qualities that can be adapted to a leaders role and/or to achieve great success. Instead of acting the way we think others expect us to, we are more in all likelihood to get others behind us and to succeed if we tap in to our natural, authentic style of leadership and making things happen. The leader has a responsibility to facilitate this process.motivation example 4 some people cant be motivatedWhile its true that not everyone has the same motivational triggers, as already shown, the belief that some people cannot be motivated is what can lead to the unilluminating pep-talk and sack them cycle favoured by many X- speculation managers. Typically managers use conventional mode actings to inspire their teams, reminding them that they are all in this together or that they are working for the greater good or that the management has complet e faith in you, but when all this fails to make an impact the manager simply sighs and hands the difficult employee the termination letter.The reality is that motivating some individuals does involve an investment of time. When his manager left the company, sorrel was asked by the site director, hotdog, to take over some extra responsibility. As well as administrative work he would be more involved in people management and get over directly to dog-iron. Frank saw this as a promotion for chase after and assumedthat he would be flattered and take to his new role with gusto. Instead Bob did little but find fault. He felt he had too much to do, he didnt trust the new administrator brought in to lighten his workload, and he felt resentful that his extra responsibility hadnt come with extra pay.Frank was a good manager and told Bob that he simply had to be a little more organised, and that he (Frank) had complete belief in Bob to be able to handle this new challenge. But Bob remaine d sullen. So Frank took a different approach He tried to see the situation from Bobs point of view. Bob enjoyed his social life, but was no lengthy able to leave the office at 5pm. Bob was devote to doing a good job, but was not particularly ambitious, so promotion meant little to him. Bob was also expected to work more closely now with a colleague with whom he clashed. Then Frank looked at how Bob might perceive him as his boss. He realised Bob probably thought Franks hands-off management style meant he didnt care.To Bob it might look as if Frank took no direct interest except when he found fault. Finally, Frank looked at the situation Bob was in to see if there was anything bringing out the worst in him. He realised 2 weeks of every month were effectively down-time for Bob, followed by two weeks where he was overloaded with work. Having set aside his assumptions about Bob and armed with a more complete picture from Bobs point of view, Frank arranged for the two of them to meet to discuss a way forward. Now the two were able to look at the real situation, and to find a workable way forward.While there is no guarantee that this approach will always work, quest to understand, as Stephen Coveys Seven Habits of Highly Effective People puts it, is generally a better first step than seeking to be understood. Its easier to help someone when you see things from their point of view.motivation example 5 but I am listeningWe are always told how valuable listening is as a leadership tool and encouraged to do more of it. So, when we remember, we listen really hard, trying to catch every detail of what is being said and maybe follow up with a question to show that we caught everything. This is sure enough important. Checking your email, thinking about last nights big game and planning your weekend sure enough stop you from hearing what is being said. But there is another important aspect to listening and that is earshot WithoutJudgement. Often when an employee tells us why they are lacking motivation we are busy internally making notes about what is wrong with what they are saying.This is pre-judging. It is not listening properly. Really listening properly means windup off the voice in your head that is already planning your counter-argument, so that you can actually hear, understand and interpret what you are being told. See the principles of empathy. This is not to say that the employee is always right, but only when you can really understand the other persons perception of the situation are you be able to help them develop a strategy that works for them. Listening is about understanding how the other person feels beyond merely the words that they say.motivation example 6 if they leave Ive failedWhat happens if, at their meeting, Bob admits to Frank that he doesnt see his future with that company? What if he says the main reason he is demotivated is that he isnt really suited to the company culture, and would be happier elsewhere? Has Fra nk failed? Not necessarily. Its becoming more widely accepted that the right and sustainable approach is to help individual employees to tap in to their true motivators and understand their core values. Katherine Benzigers methodologies are rooted in this doctrine Employees who falsify type (ie., behave unnaturally in pronounce to satisfy external rather than internal motives and drivers) are unhappy, stressed, and are unable to sustain good performance.Effort should be focused on helping people to align company goals with individual aspirations. Look at Adams Equity Theory to help understand the complexity of personal motivation and goals alignment. Motivation and goals cannot be imposed from outside by a boss motivation and goals must be determined from within the person, mindful of internal needs, and external opportunities and rewards. sometimes the person and the company are simply unsuited.In a different culture, industry, role or team that individual would be energised and dedicated, whereas in the present environment the same person doesnt fit. Sometimes success doesnt look the way we expect it to. A successful outcome for an individual and for a company may be that a demotivated person, having identified what sort of work and environment would suit them better, leaves to find their ideal job elsewhere.Yousucceed as a leader by helping and enabling people to reach their potential and to achieve fulfilment. If their needs and abilities could be of far greater value elsewhere, let them go dont force them to stay out of loyalty. Helping them identify and find a more fitting role elsewhere not only benefits you and them it also enables you to find a replacement who is really suited and dedicated to the job. True leaders care about the other persons interests not just your own interests and the interests of your organization.motivation example 7 the same factors that demotivate, motivate When asked what brought about lack of motivation at work, the maj ority of people in research carried out by Herzberg blamed hygiene factors such as working conditions, honorarium and company policy. When asked what motivated them they gave answers such as the sense of achievement, recognition, the opportunity to grow and advance and greater responsibility. Herzbergs findings about human motivation have been tested and proven time and gain. His theory, and others like it, tell us that the factors that demotivate do not necessarily motivate when reversed. The conventional solution to dissatisfaction over pay levels would be to increase pay in the belief that people would then work harder and be more motivated.However, this research shows that whilst increasing wages, improving job security and positive working relationships have a marginal impact, the main factors that characterise extreme satisfaction at work are achievement, recognition, interesting work, responsibility, advancement and ontogeny. So it follows that leaders who focus on these as pects peoples true motivational needs and values are the true leaders. Help people to enrich their work and you will truly motivate.motivation example 8 people will rise to tough challenges Many managers hope to motivate by setting their people challenging targets. They believe that raising the bar high and higher is what motivates. Tracey was an effective and conscientious account manager. Her boss habitually set her increasingly tough objectives, which Tracey generally achieved. However, in achieving her targets last month Tracey worked several eighteen-hour days, travelled extensively overseas, and had not had a single weekend break.Sometimes Tracey would mention to her boss that the effort was taking its toll on her health and happiness. When Tracey handed in her latest monthly report, her boss said, You see? Its worth all the hard work. So, dont complain about it again. Her bosss belief was that Tracey would get a sense of satisfaction from completing an more or less impo ssible workload. He was relying on her sense of duty which she had in bucket-loads to get the job done. But this is the KITA style of motivation.It doesnt really ac association a dedication to the job or a sense of pride. Its supplement or motivation is simply a lack of choice. Job enlargement is different to Job enhancement. Herzbergs research shows that improving the meaningfulness of a job (see also motivation example 7) has the motivational impact, not simply increasing the amount of pressure or volume of the tasks. Achievement for achievements sake is no basis for motivation a persons quality of life must benefit too.motivation example 9 I tried it and it didnt workWhen you try new things new motivational ideas, especially which affect relationships and feelings it is normal for things initially to get a little worse. Change can be a little unsettling at first. But keep the faith. People are naturally sceptical of illegitimate motivational approaches. They may wonder wh y you have suddenly taken such an interest in them.They may feel you are giving them too much responsibility or be concerned that changes in the way they work may lead to job losses. Herzbergs research is among other evidence, and modern experience, that after an initial drop in performance, people quickly adjust and respond to more state-of-the-art management and motivational attitudes. Supporting and coaching people through this stage of early doubt is vital. advocate and help people to grow and develop, and performance improvement is inevitable.motivation example 10 this type of motivation takes too much time If youve absorbed the ideas above, you might wonder where you would find the time to motivate people using these approaches. It is true that this style of leadership, sustainable motivation, commitment and focus is in the beginning more time consuming than KITA methods this is bound to be,since KITA methods require far less thought. Engaging fully with your staff, underst anding their wants, desires and values, getting to know them as individuals and developing strategies that achieve a continuous release of energy is more intensive and takes time to work. But consider the advantages.This investment of time means you will eventually have less to do. Instead of constantly urging your people along and having to solve all the problems yourself, youll be the leader of a group performing at a higher level of ability and productivity, giving you the chance to step back from fire-fighting and to consider the bigger picture. Herzberg was not alone in identifying that leaders need invest in the development of their teams, and also of their own successors. See leadership theories. Douglas McGregors X-Y Theory is central too. So is Maslows power structure of Needs, from the individual growth perspective. And see also Bruce Tuckmans Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing model.All of these renowned theories clearly stage the need for teams, and the individuals within them, to be positively led and developed. Your responsibility as leader is to develop your team so that it can take on more and more of your own responsibility. A mature team should be virtully self-managing, leaving you free to concentrate on all the job-enhancing strategic aspects that you yourself need in order to keep motivated and developing.The technical content of this article was provided by UK-based expert in organizational development Blaire Palmer, which is gratefully acknowledged.Name- Sunil Kumar SharmaEXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis befuddle is an attempt to give knowledge about motivational technique of Tata steel company on their employees. It aims to make its reader well versed with each and every aspect of Kingfisher Airlines.It throws light on the following-1. In 1st Chapter you will find the objective of doing the offer on Tata marque 2. In 2nd Chapter of this report, you will find that the research methodology of the report is mentioned. 3. In 3rd chapter you wi ll find anoverview of Tata Steel, in which you will find its the history of Tata Steel, current destination, departments, motivational technique, steps dose HR manager takes to manage employee of organization. In it you will also find about the Events, Awards, about the Management Team. 4. In 4th Chapter you will find conclusion and suggestion on the understand on Motivational Technique of Tata Steel 5. In 5th Chapter you will find some of the limitations of project being face by me. 6. In 6th Chapter you will find the various sources I referred for multitude information.This project is overall an attempt to make you aware or to cover every possible aspect of Tata Steel in Delhi. OBJECTIVE1. To understand the importance of employee motivation in Tata Steel2. To analyze the fiscal method of motivating employee3. To analyze the non-monetary method of motivating employee4. To understand the difficulties/challenges found in caring out the strategies5. Finally, to recommend how Tata S teel can improve its motivational strategies LIMITATION1. The data could be gathered from secondary coil source thus any error in the information would have also got replicated in this report 2. Time constraint was the major limitation faced by the researcher 3. Another problem was knowledge constraint and this report was an attempt to gather as much of relevant data as possible 4. Another constraint was the lack of information regarding proper route map by the organization imputable to which it could not be included in the project report 5. Difficult to meet right people at Tata Steel for project concern 6. Very expensiveCONCLUSION AND SUGESTIONAfter doing a study of this project representing on Motivation technique of leading company Tata Steel, I have come to a conclusion that Tata Steel is one of the largest and most widespread of the manufacturing company and well planned in motivational tools, Tata Steel have adopted various technique for all different level of management In all Tata Steel Organization, new approaches to motivation are being used.In many territories, the strategiesare manual of arms but, as automated methods become more pervasive, those mechanisms that support its use will assume greater popularity some(prenominal) the strategies selected for use, the objective is to motivate employees and make him more qualified, committed individuals into the organizations and ensure that the provision of Tata Steel to the their employee is timely and effective, that the goods are of consistent high quality and that the organizations achieve the objectives for which they have been established Tata Steel also manage their monetary and non monetary methods of motivation system between all level of management according to their preference pass1. From the above research on motivational technique of Tata Steel they should be categorized their employee according to their motivational methods and make a research on it that which employee wants monetary met hod of motivation and which employee prefer non monetary method of motivational technique 2. Most probably all employee should be motivated by both method somehow that create a balance between employees thinking 3. There are many levels of management in Tata Steel organization I prefer him to take care of separate department 4. Tata Steel needs to undertake aggressive motivational technique at a time of emergency 5. bleak approaches should be identified and rewarded so that it serves as example for others Motivation Techniques at MicrosoftMotivation Techniques at MicrosoftWith more than 4,000 of its 27,000 employees already millionaires, Microsoft faces the challenge of figuring out how to motivating its employees though means other than pay raises. While this problem is not unique to Microsoft, the circumstances under which this problem evolved however, are. As a company that must caters to the needs of the professional worker, Microsofts motivational strategy should center around recognition of individual employee achievements, the work itself, responsibility, growth, and other characteristics that people find intrinsically rewarding.By simple virtue of its position as a high-tech company where highly trained, highly ingenious professional workers account for the vast majority of itsemployees under normal circumstances money factors would play only limited role in actually motivating employees.As a company composed of paper millionaires, Microsoft is in a unique position while many Microsoft employees may be labeled professional employees, the companys financial position will play a special interest to many of its employees. As Microsoft stock-holders, the average Microsoft millionaire (the so called paper millionaire) has a vested interest in helping the company succeed and advance its financial position. This is true because the stockholder will directly correlate the amount of money they earn with the perceived worth to the organization.Driven by the idea that their financial success or failures are directly related to the performance (as well as public image) of the company, these employees will work with great vigor to maintain the success of their company. Until their financial position no longer depends on the companys stock performance that is, until theses employees sell their stock and secure their fortunes the Microsoft millionaires will likely view themselves as masters of their own destiny. Hard work, they are likely to reason, will translate into better company performance which in turn, will translate into steady (if not increasing) stock performance.Clearly, money plays an important role in motivating job performance. But as mentioned earlier, money has its limitations as a motivator, especially in the world of the professional worker. In the work of management theorist Frederick Herzberg, a fair salary is considered a hygiene factor something people need as an incentive to do the jobs they are chartered to do. Hygiene factors include adequate workspace, light and heat, and the necessary tools such as a computer or telephone.Without any of these items, employees will be demotivated and unable to do their jobs. Having all of these items, however, will enable employees to do their jobs but will do nothing to help them do the best job possible. Getting people to do their best work is more a function of what Herzberg call motivators. These include praise and recognition, challenging work, and growth and development opportunities.As professional workers Microsofts employees have, for the most part, meet their hygienic needs. Microsoft employees are largely skilled workers who derive satisfaction from their work itself. Such workers possess a strong sense of commitment to not only their field of expertise but also to their employer as well. As such, Microsofts employees will want to identify with the success of their profession and their organization. Since professionals often enjoy the challeng e of problem solving, some of the rewards of their job will likely come from the work itself.This implies that managers should provide professionals with new assignments and challenging projects. Managers should give the professional autonomy to follow their interests and allow them to structure their work in ways they find productive. Professionals should be rewarded with recognition and educational opportunities that allow them to keep current in their fields.Recognition boosts employees esteem and performance. Recognition, on the other hand, is what you do above and beyond what people are paid to get the best effort from employees. Compensation is a right, but recognition, however, is a gift which validates the importance of their work.