For ages human bes bring in placed great determine in relatively useless gems and knickknack items, whether they be dearly-won stones or minerals, have relatively little value opposite than their opthalmic attraction, as well as their scarcity. Of these metals and stones the diamond has been the heart and soul of individuals in the modern era; these small, carbon pieces have been set for the beauty, and for their suppose rarity. Humans have looked far and wide for gems that could be hoard and issueed into jewelry. However, diamonds, rather than helping the growth of many African nations have only served to be a fanny of conflict instead. Companies such as De Beers and others have contributed to the death and last caused in many parts of Africa, in particular sierra Leone, Angola, and nation of Congo. These countries continue to suffer the effects of civil state of war which are brothed through diamonds. Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo being well-favo red producers, sparking international concern that diamonds are being traded illicitly to fund civil wars in Africa. Diamonds obtained from regions in the midst of inborn strife, have led to the deaths of more than half a trillion lot.
meaningful diamond production began after an agreement was perfect with De Beers Sierra Leone Selection Trust (SLST) in 1935. This agreement gave De Beers restore tap and prospecting rights over the entire country for 99 years. However, people in Sierra Leone found this agreement to be unacceptable. In 1955 the compound authorities scrapped SLSTs national monopoly and instead cogitate on the Yengema and Tongo field wh! ich covered an area of about 450 solid miles. In 1956, they introduced the Alluvial Mining Scheme, under which both digging and purchasing licenses were granted to indigenous miners. Many of these licenses came to be held by Lebanese traders who had begun to settle in Sierra Leone at the turn of the century. In turn, there were an estimated 75,000 illegal miners in the...
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