Wednesday, January 30, 2019
Why Do so Many Professional Athletes Go Broke After Retirement?
Jay Nicholls Economics of Sports Prof. Enz 4/5/13 Why do so numerous professed(prenominal) athletes go stony-broke after l geniusliness? After watching ESPNs 30 for 30, Broke, my mind brillianceting pondering this question of why and how so legion(p inflamedicate) master athletes be blowing through the trillions they achieve while performing their specific sport? It is amazing that some unmatchable can spend that practically cash so quickly. What argon they buying and who argon they buying things for? Where be they spending it? Where do they go awry(p)? When did this trend whizzt and allow for it continue in the future?What be the compact officials doing in crop to pr nonethelesst this tragedy from handing? These ar some of the questions I leave behind try to answer passim this paper. In March of 2009 Pablo S. Torre wrote an article for Sports Illustrated titled, How (and Why) athletes Go Broke. He explains how m both athletes, especially minority ones, come from rattling humble beginnings frequently measure growing up in poverty. almost of whom are the lonesome(prenominal) ones in their family to reach college. Then some of them even start earning bills while quiesce in college through outlaw(a) paywork forcets from agents (Torre).Once these histrions hit the big leagues and start earning megs, more of it is initiateed blindly by tribe who appear to be trying to protagonist entirely often propagation do non. Their fortune take assure ofmingly evaporates right before their eyes. If and when these athletes spirit at their bank scotchs their reactions are usually similar, What the ? (Torre). The most normal leagues that role players go broke are the three most popular in the country, NFL, NBA, and MLB. Torre reported that By the time they the athletes bring forth been retired for two course of studys, 78% of former NFL players carry at rest(p) bankrupt or are under financial separate out because of occupatio nlessness or disassociate. (Torre). That is an astounding number of players looking at overdue extension bill of fare bills, baby support payments and some(prenominal) much. Athletes who do buy the farm married and whence eventually divorced, in umteen cases, do non sign prenuptial agreements thitherfore losing at least half of what they worked so hard for. an another(prenominal)(prenominal) astonishing figure reported by Torre was that 60% of former NBA players are broke within five years of retirement. They typically run into some(prenominal) of the same problems as NFL players. The MLB is no assorted.High visibility Major conference baseball players similar Johnny Damon and Jacoby Ellsbury reported that some of their bills is tied up in an $8 billion fraud scandal due to a shady financier named Robert Allen Stanford. It is hard to believe that someone of that celebrity stead could be drained of their capital but its true. Mike Pelfrey of the brand-new York Mets was forced to crave the team for a honorarium advancement of $2 jillion after he admitted he was broke because 99 share of his fortune is frozen in the same scandal (Torre).These athletes not only gave much of their richesiness to Stanford, but as well as all of their trust and he essentially took their money and ran with it. Un naturalized athletes or dumb jocks are an lightsome tar rule for fraud because they may not read the fine imprint or even care to read it. Also they may not understand the enthronement fully and get taken for all that they are deserving. The financial crisis of 2008 had a bulky impact on umteen players wealth as their trusted financial advisors lost billions in the stock mart crash.Money manager Michael Seymour, founder of the company UNI Private Wealth Strategies, was quoted ordering, Athletes harbor a different set of challenges from, say, entertainers. Theres a far shorter rush earnings result in sports than in any other profession, and in legion(predicate) cases they lack the time and desire to understand and monitor their investments. (Torre). Many athletes take for grantedt become time or the education to get laid where their money is going and who is handling it. A grueling 162 game baseball harden doesnt leave much time for a ball player to sit pass with his financial advisor and talk numbers.Many players go out say here is my money, invest it without pileing the risks involved or even realizing that in that respect are risks involved. Coming into that much money so quickly may force a player to just pay someone to cover up it because it is much easier that way. Seymour also brings up a strong point that is often overlooked by people on the outside or the fans this is the space of schoolmaster sports careers. There are very(prenominal) few athletes in any sport that can last long equal to retire and pay enough money to not worry some the rest of their lives.Athletes such as Brett Favre, Cal Ripken, Chris Chelios and Gordie Howe are the rare exceptions to this rule. Howe compete professional hockey throughout five decades spanning more or less fifty years. An article from quanthockey. com stated that the average NHL player willing play between five and six seasons in the league no matter what position they were. On average that accounted for roughly 238 games played for skaters but far less for goal workers (Average Length of an NHL Player calling). The numbers across the other three study leagues are very similar or lower. and hockey players, for the most part, are either good with their money or good at staying out the spotlight if they do go broke. The RAM monetary Group is a company that specializes in serviceing professional athletes manage their wealth. They refer to themselves as financial coaches that process guide you to success by planning for retirement, handling revenuees, insurance, and budgeting along with many other services. In an article on t heir website they wrote that the average NFL career is 3. 5 years the average NBA career is 4. years and the MLB had the longest career continuance of any of the four major sports leagues at 5. 6 years (Athlete Services). These three figures make sense too that as the sports get less physical the career length gets longer. The baseball statistic did not accept pitchers however, who are far more prone to injury and typically have much shorter careers than position players. Those figures are also the averages, meaning half of the players cliff below that career length. Those players only lasting a season or two in most cases are not star players and are not earning self-aggrandising signing bonuses or special incentives.Chances are they are late round draft picks and sign for the league minimum. RAM fiscal Group says that athletes essential plan for nearly 50 years of retirement after sports. Since many athletes did not go to, or did not slay college, they do not have a degree t o rely for help in the job search after their career has ended. There are only a select few athletes that can maintain a job in the sports world, such as a television announcer or analyst, coach, or scout et cetera it requires a certain personality and intelligence.The article by Torre profiles a football player by the name of Raghib (Rocket) Ismail who was a star wide receiver for Notre Dame and was a potential number one draft pick for the NFL, but instead chose to sign an $18. 2 million contract over four years with the Canadian Football Leagues Toronto Argonauts. Why he chose the CFL over the NFL I will neer hold up. He goes on to say that he started with a base net of $4 million and he was so focused on football that by the time his first year was over his bank account was just close to empty.Ed Butowsky was listening to Ismail speak and nodded his head as if to say, I could have seen that coming. Butowsky is a managing partner at Chapwood Investments which is a wealth mana gement firm. He is used to managing very wealthy peoples fortunes in the business world but, not many professional athletes. Butowsky realised that broke athletes was a reoccurring newspaper publisher throughout major league sports and he felt the need to do something about it. In 2005 Butowsky began inviting many self-aggrandising athletes to his so called financial boot camps. near of these athletes were well off and others were not. He taught them things about money from the very basics of what is a bond, to some more abstruse topics such as insurance and retirement. These sessions were free of charge and the goal was to educate these young men so that they did not fall into financial breach like so many athletes before them (Torre). An athletes wealth is supposed to outlive their career according to Bill Duffy, a veterinary agent who manages players like Steve Nash and Carmelo Anthony. So where do most of them go premature?The feature of Torres article, Rocket Ismail, tal ked about his investment portfolio over the years. It include lots of dubious inventions and unsteady investments (Torre). He mentioned pouring money into a religious movie that saw no return. He earned a reported $18 to $20 million over his career from salary alone in the CFL, and went broke through what he calls total ignorance. He was luckier than most broke athletes however, because he never filed for bankruptcy, had legal trouble or got divorced, and most definitively he had his degree from Notre Dame.But his lack of luck with investments caused him to nearly lose it all (Torre). One of his worst investments came when he sank $300,000 into a theme restaurant called the Rock N Roll Cafe. It was similar to the idea of the profound Rock Cafe. Ismail said the man who pitched him this idea talked about it as fail-proof, with no downsides (Torre). Ismail was never paid back anything at all and doesnt even know if the restaurant ever existed. His lack of interest in the investment led him to lose a considerable amount of his money by writing a single check.If I were about to invest that much money I would trust to see building plans, permits, other investors, revenue, and much more before I decided to invest anything at all. Whether he didnt care or didnt know, he is still at fault. One would specify Ismail learned his lesson, but the opposite is true. He continually pumped thousands of dollars into sketchy investments that never took off. He was too honorable and easily persuaded by smooth talkers and promising business plans such as a music label, a cosmetics line, tourist shops, and a phone plug-in dispensary company.All of which failed miserably and he saw no return on his investments. both(prenominal) may call it injurious luck but Butowsky sees it differently. According to the article, application experts estimate that only one in 30 of the highest-caliber private investment deals works out as advertised (Torre). I would not be willing to risk mu ch money on a thirty three percent chance of making money. He also states, chronic overallocation into real estate and bad private equity is the Number 1 problem for athletes in terms of a financial meltdown (Torre).The tempt of tangible items is so much greater than buying something intangible like a stock. Most athletes love the spotlight, and by saying so and so owns a bar or restaurant is a lot sexier and more intriguing than being a shareholder in a slew 500 company, even though it may be a safer investment. Risk-averse investors allude allocating most of their investments to a mix of public securities which to most athletes are lightless and boring. The thrill of inventions and nightclubs are for more appealing but riskier.Disreputable people see athletes money as very easy to get a hold of according to NFL agent Steven Baker, who represents 20 NFL players (Torre). People seek to take proceeds of them and as write up shows it they have been extremely successful. Drew Bl edsoe and a pack of other NFL retirees invested at least $100,000 apiece in a founder By Touch technology that would help replace credit cards with fingerprints (Torre). Even though this company was dealing with several lawsuits from players and others, they still invested.The stories of athletes buying real estate to sell and rent are very common and their results are all too similar. The financial crisis put a huge damper on the housing market and caused many of the properties to be foreclosed on putting these athletes further into debt. Many properties are up for sale on EBay, far below their original asking prices and market values. Former major league in ambiter Junior Spivey is one of the many suffering from owning too many real estate properties that arent seeing a return on investment.He declares, Its very tough, especially for someone like me whos not contend (Torre). new-fangled, rich athletes are similar to a lottery victor who comes into millions without knowing how to handle it. most of them probably havent comprehend or learned of the basics of budgeting or noticeing receipts for tax purposes according to Leigh Steinberg an NFL agent (Torre). Many athletes will admit they know postal code about the business and financial world after the fact they have made very costly investments without knowing all the details about where their money is actually going.Magic Johnson weighed in on this discussion, by admitting he knew zero about business (Torre). He was a lucky one getting a trustworthy adviser. He went on to say that many athletes admit family and friends because it is a favor to them but these people are often times in over their heads when dealing with this much money. They can make risky and uneducated investments that may not be profitable. Johnson gets calls from stars all the time who ask him about hiring friends and he immediately says no because he knows they will more than likely fail.Many athletes will hire their friends b ecause they simply do not know how to say no to them. Friends of rich athletes often expect financial help or jobs. The infamous Ron Artest had to dismiss six of his friends involved in his disposition label in 2007. They were doing odd jobs for him and living in a signboard he was paying for. His entourage was less helpful than they were worth and Artest had to make that tough decision (Torre). Jerry Richardson, owner of the Carolina Panthers stated the most dangerous thing that could happen to an athlete financially is divorce.A lot of athletes get married young and by the time they retire realize they made a mistake. In Torres article, he refers to a survey put out a financial services firm by the name of Rothstein Kass. In the survey they polled 178 athletes each with a minimum net worth of $5 million and most were under the age of thirty. It was reported that, more than 80% of the 178 athletes polled were concerned about being involved in unjust lawsuits and/or divorce proc eedings (Torre). Athletes and agents common estimates today, show that the divorce rate for professional athletes is anywhere from sixty to eighty percent.Husbands routinely lose half of their net worth in these cases and most splits happen after the peak earnings period of their careers, or in retirement. This timing is no accident. Former NBA center pick out West commented, Theres this huge lifestyle change you and your wife are suddenly always at home, bugging each other. Before youd say I gotta go to practice. Now you foundert have practice (Torre). If you dresst want to spend time with your wife clearly you arent ready to get married or you picked the wrong woman to spend the rest of your life with.I can see how many retired athletes would want to relax at home after their career is over. Some women are just gold diggers as well, just using the mens money to go shopping and such. Other problems such as infidelity may arise as well. Celebrity status sometimes seems to bri ng out the worst in people and not many marriages can survive a cheating scandal. With all the pressures riding on a high profile marriage with an athlete, the prenuptial agreement is one security blanket to protect an athletes net worth.This is recommended by agent David Falk who represented Michael Jordan, but Jordan did not have one. The percentage of athletes who sign one is intimately lower than regular people of the same economic stature. Often times an athlete will marry his hometown sweetheart and they are so blind by love that they could not ever imagine a hurtful divorce in their future, but people change especially when there is lots of money at stake. Dikembe Mutombo set a great casing for athletes when called off his marriage in 1994 after his fiance refused to sign a prenuptial agreement.It reportedly cost him $250,000 to cancel the wedding ceremony but it could have been millions had they gone through with the marriage and gotten divorced later on (Torre) smart mo ve by the big man. Children are a large factor in a divorce settlement as well. They tend to make the decisions far more complicated. NBA player Travis Henry, who has nine children with nine different women, is a prime workout of this. His fortune was demolished by child support payments in the tens of thousands (Torre).When athletes cannot afford to pay these ridiculous amounts of money they get treated no differently than regular citizens and are put in prison. Another factor leading to the demise of an athletes wealth is the notion that they want to impress the veterans on the team and get on their good side. Some rookies think that in order to do this they must buy a Lamborghini, a yacht or splurge on a million dollar house. You cannot live outside your means for too long. Soon enough the bills will come in and they will realize that swiping a credit card doesnt mean you can keep that item forever. Young layers will look up to guys that have been in the league for many years, a nd who have accumulated plenty of money. They try to emulate them and fail miserably. For example a rookie on say, Shaquille ONeals team, might look at his many cars, clothes and large and say, I want that. However Shaq has money coming from not only his NBA salary, which was amongst the highest in the league, but also from numerous endorsement deals off the court. Professional athletes going broke has been an on-going trend for many years and it will continue until education becomes an important part of turning pro.Fox news did a short degree on this epidemic and in it Kathryn Buschman Vasel reported that, The reasons for financial hardships vary, from lack of planning, over indulgence, bad investments and poor financial guidance. Or all of the above (Vasel). These four mishaps have ruined lives of once millionaire athletes for so many years. With so many star athletes going broke and embarrassing not only themselves but the leagues they represent, what are the owners, general ma nagers, and league officials doing to help prevent this trend from continuing?the States Today posted an article on this topic last year citing the Sports Illustrated article among others. Russ Wiles wrote, The NFL conducts workshops for rookies covering topics such as substance abuse, sex education, gambling, domesticated violence and personal finance (Wiles). However their effectiveness remains in question. Many of the rookies will disregard these efforts to help them and wind up in the same situation as their counterparts before them. They hear the stories and statistics but think this could never happen to me I am going to be a millionaire, theres no way I could blow that much money.Ignorance is not bliss in this situation. Many athletes assume the money will keep flowing in for years, but thats usually not the case (Wiles). Contracts that teams offer are usually merit base with only a small percentage guaranteed no matter what. Many players dont realize this or may not even k now that. As an athlete myself I never think that maybe I will get hurt this year or what will happen if I do. Professional athletes have the same mentality. Even worse what if a rookie never pans out to be more than a attendant?Bench players dont make nearly as much as starters or star players. And as soon as a player gets cut or put on waivers their contract dwindles down to nobody. When the paychecks stop coming, the lavish lifestyles of athletes can no longer be sustained. Paychecks will stop eventually for everyone but bills never do. The banks and credit card companies dont care if you get hurt playing a professional sport, they still want their money and will stop at nothing until they get all of it whether that means foreclosing your home, car and yacht or take all other assets as collateral.Players cant grasp the plan that their peak earnings period will be short lived and their lifestyles must be planned accordingly. Unlike a corporate office job or a doctor where the potential salaries keep increasing based on good performance or experience in the field in which they work, Athletes make all or most of their income in a few short years. According to Wiles, Even athletes who play professionally for many years will eventually need to downsize their financesThat makes them different from most workers (Wiles). Colleges and universities are not off the hook either.These institutions that have high profile teams with the potential for their athletes to play professional sports should offer more courses on money and finance to their pupils. It should be a requirement for students not just student athletes to be financial literate so that nobody finds themselves in the red later on in life. Even if you are a history major or a science major, it is imperative to know how keep your head above water when it comes to personal finances. The only way these professional athletes will be able to lead successful lives after their playing days are over is through education.People above them need to stress the importance of saving, planning, and common sense because once you owe more money than you are able to pay back it may be undoable to get out of debt. Bibliography 1. Athlete Services. RAM Financial Group. RAM Financial Group, n. d. Web. 2 Apr 2013. <http//www. ramfg. com/RAM-Financial-Group-Solutions-Professional-Athletes-Athletes-Services>. 2. Average Length of an NHL Player Career. Quanthockey. com. N. p. , n. d. Web. 2 Apr 2013. <http//www. quanthockey. com/Distributions/CareerLengthGP. php>. 3. Torre, Pablo S.. How (and Why) Athletes Go Broke. SI Vault. Sports Illustrated, 3 Mar 2009. Web. 1 Apr 2013. <http//sportsillustrated. cnn. com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1153364/2/index. htm>. 4. Vasel, Kathryn Buschman. Why Athletes Go Broke. Fox Business. Fox News, 01 FEBRU 2013. Web. 4 Apr 2013. <http//www. foxbusiness. com/personal-finance/2013/02/01/why-athlete-go-broke/>. 5. Wiles, Russ. Pro athletes aften hot up t he financial ball. USA TODAY Sports. USA TODAY, 22 APRIL 2012. Web. 4 Apr 2013. <http//usatoday30. usatoday. com/sports/story/2012-04-22/Pro-athletes-and-financial-trouble/54465664/1>.